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# I've been trying to solve these for a while now, if anyone

### Customer Question

I've been trying to solve these for a while now, if anyone can figure them out it would be much appreciated.
_____________
Instructions:
1. Construct a formal proof of validity for the following arguments.
2. Attend carefully to instructions attached to specific arguments.
3. If a specific argument’s conclusion presents a “=” as its main connective, employ the parallel method of proof, recalling that alteration of the conclusion is restricted to the Rule of Replacement, which now includes Absorption (Abs.).
For example, given the argument in our text, Exercise E-18 on page 417:
J v (~J • K)
J > L
//therefore (L • J) = J
The conclusion should be designated as //therefore C1 (L • J) = J when beginning the proof. At least one further step must be taken (at C2) to comply with the instructions.
_____________________________
1. Without Modus Ponens
M > W
M
//therefore W
_____________________________
2. Without Exportation
A > (D > K)
//therefore (A • D) > K
_____________________________
3. No Rule Exceptions
T = (L > K)
~ N • K
//therefore T
_____________________________
4. No Rule Exceptions
M = W
//therefore M = (M • W)
_____________________________
5. All political projects offer evidence to the effect that if the people prosper then the people do not prosper. The people do not prosper.
Key: P = The people prosper.
_____________________________
or written by hand then scanned/picture by phone.
Submitted: 11 months ago.
Category: Writing Homework
Customer: replied 11 months ago.
the deadline is 8 hours after the question is posted.
Expert:  Math-Stat replied 11 months ago.

Hi

Thank you, ***** ***** update you later

Customer: replied 11 months ago.
Thanks
Expert:  Math-Stat replied 11 months ago.

welcome

Expert:  Math-Stat replied 11 months ago.

Hi, I will open up this question to other experts.

Customer: replied 11 months ago.
No one :(
Customer: replied 11 months ago.
Deadline extended 2 days from now
Customer: replied 11 months ago.
sorry, but I did not get a response is that normal?!
Expert:  Donna Kakonge replied 11 months ago.

Dear Ahmed,

I can try to figure these out for you. I will have the answer to you by 11:00 p.m. EDT today.

Kindest regards,

Donna Kakonge, BJ, MA, TESOL, LLB, ABD

Expert:  Donna Kakonge replied 11 months ago.

Dear Ahmed,

I gave the answers to these questions my best try. I hope the answers are right. If they are I look forward to your positive rating so that I can be paid for my work with you.

Kindest regards,

Donna

Customer: replied 11 months ago.
Thanks for trying, but it's incorrect.
I added some class notes that might help.
Customer: replied 11 months ago.
First 5 arguments should be solved by following using 19 rules of inference and replacement to clarify the conclusion.
Expert:  Donna Kakonge replied 11 months ago.

Dear Ahmed,

Thank you for giving me further instructions. This is definitely helpful. I did not have that information before. When is your deadline? I certainly hope that I can have enough time to work through your questions in order to get them correct, particularly since the answers are based on logic. Answers based on logic take critical thinking and time to work through. I do not require an inordinate amount of time, however I sincerely ***** ***** you do not expect me to give you the answers any time prior to Tuesday. By Tuesday I could do it. Would that be OK? I do have other assignments I am working on as well.

Kindest regards ***** ***** look forward to hearing a positive response from you soon,

Donna

Customer: replied 11 months ago.
thank you for all your help, but I already got a lesson somewhere else and got the answers.
Expert:  Donna Kakonge replied 11 months ago.

Dear Ahmed,

Thank you for letting me know. I'm glad you got your answers. I will note not to work on this for you.

Thanks and congratulations,

Donna