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This is what is called a Determinate prison sentence. It is for the fixed length of time.
The sentence is not halved. What happens is that the first half is served in prison in the second half is served in the community. The person is released on licence.
It usually happens automatically unless there have been any incidents inside and it’s believed that the person should not be released because they have not rehabilitated sufficient to go back into the community.
If they commit drug offences while in prison it is likely to affect the period they spend in custody. If they commit an offence (even a minor offence for something different) whilst out on licence on the second half of the sentence, they will automatically be sent straight back to prison.
Does that answer the question? Can I answer any specific points arising from this?
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I’m sorry, what I’ve said is a little misleading.
When I say it happens automatically, the issue gets raised. The release is not absolutely guaranteed 100% automatic. It does get raised for review.
Remember this is done for another reason and that is to free up prison space and therefore if the inmate simply decided to sit out his time without raising the issue, it would get raised.
You will probably find this table useful.