Urology

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Urology Procedures

What is Urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that is focused on the medical diseases and surgical needs of the female and male urinary tract system. The kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and male reproductive organs are covered under this branch. Since the urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, the disorders can affect both. Urology can covers a broad spectrum of conditions. Urologist can use real-time ultrasound guidance, various lasers, and fiber optic endoscopic equipment. Also, urologists have pioneered the use of robotics in laparoscopic procedures. When someone needs Urology assistance, questions can arise about the procedure, exams and problems. Read below for questions that have been answered by Experts.

What could cause a penis to curve?

The curve in a penis can be caused by Peyronie disease. A Urology sonogram exam is often needed for a clinical diagnosis. If a diagnosis is found, Verapamil or Interferon can be injected into the penis. Trental 400 can also be used for peripheral arterial disease. Interferon is a protein that can disrupt the production and help breakdown of collagen and scar tissue. The side effects this can include pain, swelling or redness.

What occurs during a Urology exam that involves placing a camera in the penis?

Before a Urology procedure involving a camera placed in the penis, a doctor can recommend that an individual fast for up to eight hours on the day of the procedure. The individual may be asked to pass urine before the exam. A spinal anesthesia can be used in order to numb the lower part of the body. The penis is then lubricated and the scope is placed inside. The inside of the bladder can be viewed on a monitor. The individual is then sent to a hospital ward following this procedure and is released the same or next day.

What is Fowler’s syndrome?

Fowler’s syndrome can cause an issue with urinating. Pudendal nerve entrapment can also be associated with this disease. A Urology exam is often needed in this case. The exam can include many urology tests such as urodynamic study, EMG, and a Sphincter volume measurement to confirm the diagnosis. Below is a link that can provide information about Fowler’s syndrome:
http://www.ion.ucl.ac.uk/fowlersyndrome/

What could cause frequent urination?

Several different conditions could cause frequent urination. The conditions that cause this symptom include:
• Urinary tract infection
• In males, Prostate problems
• High blood sugar levels in diabetics
• Overactive bladder
• Other problems with the bladder.

A urology exam may be needed. This could include a physical exam and further testing.

What could cause recurrent bladder infections?

A Urology exam is often be needed when someone is having recurrent bladder infections. During the exam, the doctor can perform an ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder to check for stones. If a stone is found it could be the cause the recurrent infections. This exam can also include checking the bladders ability to empty. A mild daily antibiotic can be needed if all tests are within normal ranges. The urology test on the urine can find out the cause of the infections. In some cases, E. coli can be the cause of bladder infections.

Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with the urinary tract. Often, questions about different conditions and procedures can arise as well as the causes of recurrent bladder infections. For more information and answers to these questions, an individual can contact an Expert.
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