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Tattooing Process & Problems

A tattoo is a picture or design that is made on the skin by inserting indelible ink into the dermis to change the pigment. There are different types of tattoos that can be made on different parts of the body. Tattooing has been practiced from ancient times in different cultures for cosmetic as well as medical reasons. The tattooing process involves placing the pigment into the skin’s dermis after which it is dispersed throughout a homogenized damaged layer into the epidermis and upper dermis. People who have or plan to get a tattoo made may have different questions about the entire process. Given below are some of the important questions about tattooing that have been answered by different Experts.

What are some of the common side effects of getting a tattoo?

Some of the common side effects of getting a tattoo include skin infections, allergic reactions, scar tissues or keloids and blood borne diseases.

Will getting a tattoo on the scalp damage hair follicles?

Tattooing will not have any negative effect on hair follicles because the ink is inserted around and below the hair follicles on the scalp. The individual will however, have to shave the head before getting the tattoo.

Is it safe for an individual with a mechanical heart valve to get a tattoo?

One of the major risks involved with an individual with a mechanical heart valve getting a tattoo is infections like bacterial endocarditis. Most of the times, people with the heart valve are asked to take antibiotics for any minor essential medical procedures. Most doctors may not recommend a tattoo procedure to an individual with this valve. If it is necessary, the individual can ask the doctor to give prophylactic antibiotics to prevent infections.

Is it normal for a blue bump to appear on the skin just after get a tattoo?

Tattooing procedure can sometimes bruise the skin causing the dead blood to collect around the tattoo. This is not dangerous and will resolve itself in ten days if kept under observation. The individual will have to visit a doctor if the bump does not go after ten days.

What could cause numbness in the arm after a tattooing procedure?

Numbness in the arm could be caused because of a nerve injury in the upper back or shoulder. This could be because of wrong posture at the time of getting the tattoo. The individual will have to avoid lifting heavy objects and strenuous activity for at least two weeks till the nerves heal. A neurologist will have to be consulted if the numbness does not go in two weeks.

Is it safe for a Hemochromatosis patient to get a tattoo?

Hemochromatosis patients suffer from liver dysfunction that can cause clotting problems like increased prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time. Since there is a high risk of bleeding at the time of tattooing, the individual will have to consult a physician before getting the tattoo.

Is it safe to get permanent eyebrows with the help of cosmetic tattooing?

The procedure followed while creating permanent eyebrows through cosmetic tattooing is the same as the regular tattooing process. Though it is a safe procedure, precautions should be taken and the tattoo should be made delicately because of the location of the eyebrows being close to the eyes. Some amount of bruising and swelling may occur for about a week after the eyebrows are made which can be treated with the help of ice packs.

What precautions should be taken while getting a tattoo done?

Tattooing can cause a breach in the skin leading to infections. Some of the precautions that need to be taken while getting a tattoo are:
• Make sure that the studio where the tattoo is made is a reputable one with properly trained artists
• Ensure that the artist’s hands are washed and he/she uses a new pair of protective gloves
• Make sure that the needles and tubes used are from sealed packets only
• Check whether the instruments used are properly sterilized or not
• If the tattoo is bandaged after the procedure, remove it after 24 hours and apply an antibiotic ointment
• Avoid exposure to the sun till the tattoo heals

Since the needles while creating a tattoo have to be inserted into the skin, it can often lead to infections and other side effects. That is why it is important to know the different precautions that must be taken at the time of getting a tattoo and how to care for it once it is done. You may experience symptoms that are similar to a reaction and may not know what to do. In some cases, the tattoo can lead to an infection which will require immediate treatment. All these instances can give rise to many questions about caring for the tattoo and the skin. Not finding satisfactory answers can further lead to panic and nervousness. At such times, you can speak to an Expert and get all the questions that you may have about the tattooing process answered.
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