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Pheochromocytoma Questions

Pheochromocytoma is tumors that occur in the adrenal glands which may cause an excessive amount of epinephrine and norepinephrine. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. Each kidney has an adrenal gland on top of it. The adrenal glands perform many functions despite their tiny size. The adrenal glands are responsible for hormone secretion. The cells within the adrenal gland perform different duties within the endocrine system. The zona fasciculata is responsible for the secretion of cortisol. The zona glomerulosa is responsible for secreting aldosterone which controls water regulation. To learn more about pheochromocytoma, take a look below at the questions that have been answered by Experts.

If someone has bilateral Pheochromocytoma, would it mean that it is genetic like MEN2 or VHL?

MEN2 and VHL are genetic disorders which may be present in pheochromocytoma (both sporadic and familiar). However this doesn't necessarily mean they need to be present or may not be involved.

Bilateral pheochromocytoma doesn't automatically mean it is genetic because it may also be sporadic. In order to determine whether it is genetic or sporadic one must first determine which hormone has been secreted.

NOREPINEPHRINE is generally found in sporadic pheochromocytoma and EPINEPHRINE is typically found in familiar pheochromocytoma. However sporadic pheochromocytoma may be genetic but generally requires genetic testing to verify.

Why does Pheochromocytoma cause pain in the flank area?

Basically pheochromocytoma appears in the adrenal glands which are found in the flank region. The pain is generally a result of epigastric pain stemming from catecholamine's secretion which may cause acid peptic disorder. However flank pain may be caused by other issues than pheochromocytoma. An ultrasound may be required to rule out any possible issues that are not related to pheochromocytoma.

Is there a connection between Pheochromocytoma and thyroid/tsh levels?

Many times a genetic disorder known as MEN syndrome may cause an over active issue as well as swelling of some endocrine glands. In one form of MEN syndrome, the thyroid gland is affected which may cause issues with TSH levels. Furthermore there is a MEN syndrome that involves the pituitary gland which may also cause thyroid issues.

An endocrinologist might be the best suited to run an MRI of the person's head and neck region. If these syndromes are present, most likely the endocrinologist will find it.

There is also a chance that the hypothyroid symptoms are just a co incidence and the person may not have a syndrome.

Does someone with Pheochromocytoma require surgery?

Treatment for pheochromocytoma is most commonly performed by way of surgery. Prior to surgery, so0me medications may be required to assist with symptoms that are often associated with pheochromocytoma. Many times surgery isn't a viable option due to the size or location of the tumor. The individual's surgeon will generally decide on the best treatment option.

Pheochromocytoma is tumors found in the adrenal glands. Pain and swelling may be associated with certain pheochromocytoma. Many medical questions may arise when being diagnosed with this type of tumor. If a person has questions or concerns regarding pheochromocytoma or the available treatments, the person should ask an Expert for medical clarity and suggestions for proper treatment.
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