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Peripheral Neuropathy Treatment

What is peripheral neuropathy?

Damage to the nerves of the peripheral nervous system can result in peripheral neuropathy. The damage can be caused by a disease or trauma to the nerve or a side effect of a systemic illness. Neuropathy can cause a loss of muscle mass. The loss of sensations and positive phenomena could be included in the sensory symptoms. This condition can affect one or more different nerves. Muscle weakness, cramps and spasms are all common symptoms that are linked to damage of motor nerves. Also a loss of coordination and balance can occur. Tingling, numbness and burning pain can also be from damage to the sensory nerve. Symptoms such as abnormal blood pressure can be caused by damage to the autonomic nerve. When someone is showing signs of peripheral neuropathy, questions can arise regarding the causes, symptoms and cure. Read below for questions that have been answered by Experts.

What are peripheral neuropathy causes?

The causes of peripheral neuropathy may include:
• Trauma or pressure to a nerve
• Pinching of a nerve
• Diabetes
Thyroid disorders
• Alcoholism
• Vitamin deficiency
• Liver disease
• Kidney disease
• Electrolyte abnormalities
Autoimmune disorder
• Exposure to toxic chemicals
• Drug effects

What are peripheral neuropathy treatments?

Control of this cause is important when treating it. The offering agent needs to be removed when the cause is known. The early institution of replacement therapy of vitamins can produce significant improvement. Symptomatic treatment can be used when a cause cannot be found. The condition may not be fully curable when a cause is found. Different choices can be available for treatment of neuropathic pain. Over-the-counter pain medications can help provide relief. Some cases may need prescription medications that include:
• Local creams
• Local patches
• Electrical nerve stimulation

The prevention of muscle atrophy and preservation of muscle power may be achieved with active or passive exercise.

Would peripheral neuropathy be considered a fatal condition?

The peripheral nerves can be affected by peripheral neuropathy. This is not generally a fatal condition. This condition can become irritating or painful. Peripheral neuropathy can lead to difficulties with daily activities. However the condition may not cause progressive death. The treatment of the cause of the neuropathy may help to prevent it from becoming worse. Therefore an evaluation and biopsy performed by a medical practitioner may be needed.

What medical tests should be performed for peripheral neuropathy?

A medical practitioner may perform the following tests to help determine the cause of peripheral neuropathy:
• Urinalysis with a microscopic exam of urinary sediment.
• Serum creatinine and estimation of glomerular filtration rate
• Complete blood count and a differential
• Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)
• Antinuclear Antibody Assay (ANA)
• Antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens
• Antibodies to double stranded DNA (dsDNA)
• Cryoglobulins
• Rheumatoid factor
• Estiation of B1, B6 and B12
• Complement components
• Folate
• Pantothenic Acid Deficiency
• Serum Phosphate level
• Alpha-tocopherol deficiency (Vitamin E)

There are many different causes for peripheral neuropathy, therefore a doctor may recommend that several different tests be performed. Anytime someone shows signs of peripheral neuropathy, questions and concerns can arise. For more information individuals can contact an Expert.
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