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Criminal Justice Questions

Criminal Justice is the practice of upholding the law by way of charging and prosecuting those who break the law in the form of punishment or rehabilitation. Juvenile and adult criminal justice have different ways of handling punishments but are both in control of penalizing those who commit crimes. Because everyone is innocent until proven guilty, the criminal justice system is governed by protocol that determines due process, allowing people to be protected from abusing investigations and prosecutions. Below are a few of the more commonly asked questions about criminal justice.

Can you compare and contrast the criminal justice procedures for adult defendants vs. juvenile offenders? Name and describe at least three substantive differences.

The criminal justice system treats juveniles different than adults. Treatment and rehabilitation is usually the main focus in the juvenile system. Punishment for the crime is the general focus in the adult criminal system. Several agencies are involved in the juvenile system, such as child protective services, schools, and social organizations that offer assistance and preventative services after a juvenile has been charged with a crime. Usually, after an adult has been charged and convicted, they will serve any jail time in the city, county or state holding facility (jail/prison) while a juvenile will generally be detained in a juvenile correctional facility or remain in the community. This will usually depend on the severity of the crime committed by the juvenile.

What is the criminal justice system funnel?

The criminal justice system is comparable to a funnel based on the process of elimination. The criminal justice process begins with many cases. Through the process of sorting cases by severity, many will be dismissed, others will be sent to counseling or rehabilitation, and the remaining cases will be sent to jail to serve the time for the crimes committed. For example, a court may begin with 50 people who have been charged with crimes. Out of the fifty people, 10 cases are dismissed, 20 cases are referred to either counseling or rehab, while the remainder of the cases are sent to jail to serve time. What began as 50 cases only resulted in 20 people receiving jail time, 20 people receiving rehab, and 10 people who had their cases dismissed.

Can a man call me from The Criminal Justice Investigation unit and say he can issue an arrest warrant if I do not pay an outstanding debt immediately and not give me any documents or paperwork supporting this? He also had me hand write a note with my bank info to his name and fax it to him. This doesn't sound legal.

Acts like this are in violation of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). Collectors cannot call you and threaten arrest if a debt hasn't been paid. If the person calls again, get his name and the address of the company by telling the person that you will send the money. You should also get the fax information. This information will give you plenty to investigate the situation. You will not send them any money of course; you are just trying to gain information on the person and the company. You should never give anyone your banking information, regardless of who they are or claim to be. If the person has your banking information, you need to check with your bank about any money transfers that have taken place by this person. You should move the remaining money that is in your account into a different account in order to protect it from the person who now has you bank information. If there are questions at the bank about the need to transfer your money to another account, just tell them that you have been scammed and the person responsible has your banking information.

This appears to be an illegal attempt to collect a debt or a scam. Regardless of which one it is, you shouldn't have to deal with this type of threat. If the person calls you while you are at home, record the conversations. This will go a long way in a court. Basically, you are gaining evidence to build a case against the person or the company they work for.

You shouldn't listen to the person when they claim that they can get an arrest warrant if you don't pay. There is no way that the person or company can request an arrest warrant. They can take you to court, sue you, receive a judgment against you, but they cannot have you put in jail. The United States does not have debtors prison so you will not go to jail for not paying a debt.

Can you get a career in criminal justice if you have an arrest for attempted robbery on your record?

Generally, a person's criminal record can be viewed by law enforcement agencies and your entire record will show, even the charges that have been expunged. Usually, if you are attempting to gain employment from a state or federal agency and have a criminal record, you will not get hired. However, many police departments will hire people with expunged records but usually this will depend upon the severity of the crime.

Criminal justice is the process of determining the guilt/innocence of people who have been accused of a crime. If you have questions or doubts about a situation regarding the criminal justice system, don't hesitate to contact an Expert in Criminal law to gain legal insight to your individual situation.
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