Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis in Dogs
What is granulomatous meningoencephalitis in dogs?Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) in dogs is known as a disease to where the central nervous system becomes inflamed. However, GME may have many different types such as the severe Pug Dog Encephalitis. Often GME may be more prone to occur in smaller dogs such as toy breeds than in medium or larger breeds and more common to be seen in female dogs than males. Often when a dog has been diagnosed with granulomatous meningoencephalitis the dog may be in their young years or even middle aged, however it may still be common for a dog to be diagnosed with GME during the older stages of life, but it is more seen in young and middle aged dogs. GME may cause many problems and questions for pet owners such as the treatment, causes and symptoms of GME. Read below to find many commonly asked questions regarding granulomatous meningoencephalitis that has been answered by Experts.
What are some signs and symptoms of granulomatous meningoencephalitis in dogs?Granulomatous meningoencephalitis may have symptoms that range from mild to severe. These symptoms may include but are not limited to, seizures, behavior changes, and decrease in vision, weakness, tilted head, neck pain, drunken gait, listlessness and in some severe cases facial abnormalities may be present. Not all of these symptoms will occur in every case, but it may be likely that some of these symptoms may show up.
What could cause a dog’s head to wobble and then the dog to fall over? What can be done for the issue?These symptoms may be caused by several different conditions such as, head trauma, distemper virus, focal seizures, granulomatous meningoencephalitis, a fungal disease, or Lyme disease. In some cases there may be several medications that may be tried without a diagnosis. These medications may include clindamycin, Doxycycline, or Phenobarbital.
What are the different types of granulomatous meningoencephalitis and the symptoms of these types?There are many different types of GME. The different types may include:
• Focal Granulomatous meningoencephalitis which is where the disease forms a granuloma within the cerebrum of the dog. The symptoms may develop fast over a period of months and may all depend on where the exact location of the granuloma is.
• Disseminated Granulomatous meningoencephalitis is a disease that covers the central nervous system whereas this disease may also be referred to as Inflammatory Reticulosis. When a dog has been diagnosed with disseminated GME the mononuclear cells and neutrophili may gather within the blood vessels. The symptoms may include depression; problems with movement, head tilt and even seizures.
• Ocular Granulomatous meningoencephalitis is a very rare type of GME that may often cause a dog to go blind. Often when this condition is found in a dog, the blindness may occur in both eyes. As well as some does may even develop retinal detachment, glaucoma and even uveitis.
• Pug Dog Encephalitis is a severe type of GME that may be found mostly in Pugs, Yorkshire terriers and Maltese breeds. Chihuahuas and Shih Tzu’s may also become affected from this disease. This condition may vary from all the other types of GME simply because pug dog encephalitis may have more tissue degeneration and often the tests may show higher eosinophils. Some common symptoms of pug dog encephalitis may be seizures and dementia, and as the condition becomes more severe a dog may begin to circle around areas, have head tilt and nystagmus may occur.
What is the treatment for granulomatous meningoencephalitis?Often when a dog has been diagnosed with granulomatous meningoencephalitis a vet may be able to prescribe immunosuppressive medications such as Azathioprine, Cyclophoshamide or even Corticosteroids. In some cases the medications Cytosine arabinoside, cyclosporine and Procarbazine may have been known to help treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis. However, for focal GME a dog may need some sort of radiation therapy in order to a successful treatment. When a dog has received medical treatment or radiation, this may help lower the symptoms, however there have been some cases where these treatments and radiations have not been successful and have resulted in fatality.
Granulomatous meningoencephalitis may cause many questions and concerns regarding their dogs. When a dog has been diagnosed with GME it is important for a dog to seek medications and/or radiation depending on the type GME. In the case the dog does not receive the proper treatment the dog may face fatality. In some cases, questions regarding the proper treatment for the type of GME, symptoms of GME as well as the signs of GME may cause many individuals questions. Individuals may turn to Experts for reliable answers regarding granulomatous meningoencephalitis.