What is ductal carcinoma in situ?
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) refers to cancer cells that originate in the ducts of the breasts and does not spread outsides these ducts. These ducts bring milk from the milk glands to the nipples. Ductal carcinoma in situ does not spread to the lymph nodes or the rest of the body because there are no blood vessels or lymphatic channels inside. Many individuals may have various questions about ductal carcinoma. Read below where many commonly asked questions have been answered by Experts.
What is invasive ductal carcinoma as well as the treatment?
Invasive ductal carcinoma refers to breast cancer that starts in the milk ducts of the breast but can spread to other parts of the breasts and body. This can be treated through surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The treatment plan and prognosis of this form of cancer can depend on the stage at which the cancer is, the size of the tumor, surgical margins, tumor grade, hormone receptor status, HER2 levels and the lymph node status.
What are the symptoms of invasive ductal carcinoma?
The most common symptom of invasive ductal carcinoma is the formation of lumps in the breast. Dimpling of the skin, presence of unusual single nipple discharge, change in the size or shape of one breast, lumps or lymph nose axilla and nipple inversions are also some other common symptoms of cancer.
What are the treatment options for invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast?
The treatment for invasive ductal carcinoma can include surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and radiotherapy. However, the most preferred treatment would be to remove the tumor and adjoining the tissues surgically. The type of surgery can depend on the patient risk facts, involvement of lymph nodes, metastasis and the presence of other diseases. Some commonly used surgical methods used to treat this form of cancer can include lumpectomy, auxiliary dissection followed by radiation therapy.
What stage of ductal carcinoma is a 14mm tumor?
A tumor of 14 mm (millimeters) would be considered to be in stage one of ductal carcinoma. This may not spread to other parts of the body and should be able to be treated easily.
What does a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ intermediate grade with comedonecrosis and intraductal clarifications mean?
A diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ intermediate grade with comedonecrosis and intraductal clarifications means the following:
• The cancer is a contained one and has not spread to other parts
• Intermediate grade means that the cancer is moderately differentiated. The cells are not very premature.
• The clarifications are common findings in breast cancer and are located in the ducts of the breast.
• Comedonecrosis means that there are cells that are devitalized in the ducts where there is inflammation.
Can an individual with ductal carcinoma take sleeping pills at night?
It may be possible for a person with ductal carcinoma to take sleeping pills at night. The reason for this is because this cancer will not interfere with the medicines.
Is colostrum on both nipples treated for invasive ductal carcinoma a sign of the cancer recurring?
Colostrum in both nipples of a person treated for invasive ductal carcinoma may not be a sign of the cancer recurring. It may just be a sign of an increased prolactin level in the body. The individual may get their blood prolactin levels checked.
How can early stages of ductal carcinoma be treated?
The treatment options for early stages of ductal carcinoma are given below:
• Tamoxifen and radiation therapy
• Removal of ovaries if there are estrogen positive based nodes.
Ductal carcinoma is a type of cancer of the breast and coping with it can be stressful and tiring, not to forget the frustration and fear of being diagnosed with it. When you find out that you have ductal carcinoma, you may have many questions about the cancer like what its symptoms are, is it curable, what are your treatment options, what is the prognosis of the cancer, etc. It may be expensive for you to meet your doctor every single time you have a question and get it answered. At such times, speaking to an Expert and getting all your questions about ductal carcinoma answered can be very helpful.