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What are Cervical Polyps?

Cervical polyps are typically benign tumors found on the surface of the cervical canal. They can cause irregular and excessive bleeding, pain or sometimes show no signs at all. If a polyp isn't causing issues or producing symptoms, a doctor will usually leave it alone. To learn more about cervical polyps, take a look below at the questions that have been answered by the Experts.

Should a cervical polyp be removed?

Many times it isn't necessary to remove a polyp. Generally, the only time a polyp is removed is if it is producing symptoms. In some cases, polyps will even resolve by themselves and not require treatment.

A doctor will remove a polyp if, over time, symptoms such as bleeding appear. Cervical polyps, for the most part, are benign and don't require removal unless the polyp becomes too large or creates vaginal bleeding. If a doctor thinks a cervical polyp looks malignant, they will remove the polyp and send it to the lab to be tested for cancer. Typically, cervical polyps are removed after a woman has reached menopause due to the increased risk that the polyps may turn malignant at a later date.

Can a cervical polyp prevent pregnancy?

In most cases, a cervical polyp is benign and can easily be removed in a doctor’s office. The only issue after the polyp has been removed is the possibility that it may return. However, in relation to getting pregnant, if a woman has a polyp blocking the entrance of the uterus, chances are that the sperm won't be able to reach the egg. If the sperm cannot reach the egg, it would be unable to fertilize it. By removing the polyp, the cervical canal is opened, allowing the sperm entry. While this procedure doesn't ensure a woman's ability to become pregnant, her chances of becoming pregnant should increase.

Does a cervical polyp cause abnormal bleeding?

A cervical polyp has the ability to cause abnormal bleeding but it generally depends on the size of the polyp. A polyp can cause bleeding as small as spotting after sexual intercourse to excessive bleeding in certain cases. Sometimes, the bleeding may not even be coming from the polyp and this can be determined by getting an examination done by a doctor.

There are several reasons that a polyp could bleed. During sexual intercourse, bleeding could occur from the polyp being bumped. However, the presence of a large blood vessel in the polyp can also cause it to bleed on its own. At this stage, it is good to do a pap smear and cervical culture to rule out bleeding caused by cervical cancer. Other reasons for the bleeding could be infected glands on the cervix or bleeding in the polyp being caused by the women being pregnant. When polyps are removed, the bleeding is monitored to determine if the amount of blood lessens after the removal. In certain cases, ultrasounds are also done to check for the presence of polyps located higher up in the cervical canal or uterus.

Who should a woman go and see to remove a cervical polyp and is it a painful process?

While many women go to their gynecologist for the removal of polyps, several family doctors can also remove simple polyps. For the most part, polyps are easily removed and many don't require anesthesia. Aside from some cramping, generally there are no other issues. However, some polyps may be difficult to remove and require the use of biopsy forceps.

Can a cervical polyp cause a cervical blister which causes irritation?

It may be possible for a polyp to rub against the cervix and cause a blister in a situation where the polyp is pushed against the cervix. However, in most cases, polyps don't cause any issues since they are just benign growths that don’t interfere with anything else. If the polyp has irritated the cervix enough to create a blister, the cervix will usually be tender until the blister heals. It is possible that the blister could also be a sign of an infection or just a normal growth. To determine the exact cause of the blister, the woman would have to be examined.

Many women develop cervical polyps. Most polyps never create issues and are left alone while other polyps could cause issues such as bleeding and must be removed. If you have questions or concerns regarding cervical polyps, ask an Expert for medical information. They can offer suggestions based on your case both quickly and affordably.

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