Autoimmune Disease Questions
What is autoimmune disease?A disease, in which the person’s own immune system begins to attack the tissues of the body, is what makes up the autoimmune disease. The immune system is in place in order to attack foreign condition such as infections; however a series of events in the autoimmune disease redirects the immune system to attack the tissues n which it normally protects. Generally in autoimmune diseases it is the antibodies in the blood that are working against the tissue of the body.
What kind of autoimmune disease has symptoms of hair loss over the entire body except beard/mustache area?There is an autoimmune disease called Alopecia Areata that manifests in hair loss. It is typically a non-scaring hair loss and can show up in different patterns with the loss of hair over the body. The cause of this autoimmune disease is not known and generally individuals who have this disease are otherwise healthy. Individuals with this autoimmune disease may see hair loss and regrowth occur several times.
What autoimmune disease presents with loose stools, patchy skin, brittle hair and nails, vitamin D and B12 deficiency, fatigue, severe joint pain, hernia issues and problems with digestion?Hashimoto’s thyroiditis often occurs when the antibodies in the body begin to attack the tissues of the thyroid. This destruction may result in hypothyroidism. When hypothyroidism is present the symptoms of patchy skin, brittle hair and nails, fatigue, joint pain, etc. may be seen. Malabsorption syndrome may be present with symptoms of loose stools and vitamin deficiencies. Celiac and pancreatic disease can be components of malabsorption. In order to get a definitive diagnosis testing should be completed so that the treatment may begin.
How is autoimmune disease diagnosed?Autoimmune diseases are diagnosed first by the symptoms that may be exhibited such as joint pains, rashes, fevers, hair loss, fatigue, etc. After the symptoms are present the next step is often blood tests. It is common for rheumatologist to be consulted in order to make the autoimmune diagnosis.
Is it possible for someone to have autoimmune disease and HIV at the same time?An autoimmune disease and HIV may be present at the same time. It is however possible to contract HIV and independent from that develop an autoimmune disease. The odds that they both would occur at the very same time are slim. However, if a person currently has an autoimmune disease they may contract HIV if they have been exposed to it just like a person does not have an autoimmune disease.
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