Aplastic Anemia Treatment
Have you been diagnosed with aplastic anemia? Do you need to know what it is or what the possible treatments are? Do you need to know what the causes and symptoms are? Often when patients are diagnosed with medical conditions there may be confusion or doubt as to what the condition actually is or what the causes are. Often Expert insight is needed to help clarify any doubts and confusion.
What is aplastic anemia?
Aplastic anemia can occur when the body stops producing enough new blood cells. This condition can even cause fatigue as well as a high risk of infections and uncontrolled bleeding. Aplastic anemia is a rare but serious condition that can develop at any age. It can occur slowly and progress over a long period of time or it could occur suddenly. When an individual is affected by aplastic anemia, questions can arise regarding the causes, symptoms and possible treatments. Read below for questions that have been answered by Experts.
How would aplastic anemia be affected by Morgellons Disease?
Aplastic anemia causes the bone marrow to produce less red and white blood cells and platelets. Morgellons disease is a condition that is linked to skin lesions and abnormal skin sensations that are caused by tick borne infections or systemic parasites with a weakened immune system. It is thought to be linked to Lyme’s disease. The combination of both conditions could cause the treatment of anemia to be difficult because of the weakened immune system.
What complications of aplastic anemia can arise?
If the condition is severe enough and it does not resolve there may be a need for blood transfusions. There could be an increased susceptibility to infections if the white blood cells are diminished. There could be abnormal bleeding in the skin, urine or bowel movements if the platelet count drops to low. Injections may be needed to help stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red and white blood cells.
What are the types of aplastic anemia?
The three types of aplastic anemia can include:
- Idiopathic. In this case the cause remains unknown. About 60% of affected individuals have idiopathic.
- Acquired. The causes can include exposure to radiation, chemicals, pregnancy, certain medications and other possible sources. This type may be temporary.
- Hereditary. This is the rarest type. It can occur in the presence of other hereditary conditions.
What are aplastic anemia causes?
This condition can occur when the body stops producing enough new blood cells because of bone marrow injury. The factors that could permanently or temporarily injure the bone marrow and affect the blood cell production can include:
- Chemotherapy and radiation treatments can cause damage to the stem cells in the bone marrow.
- Toxic chemicals such as insecticides and pesticides.
- Exposure to benzene which is an ingredient in gasoline.
- Some medications such as some antibiotics and those used to help treat rheumatoid arthritis.
- Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
- Viral infections that have an effect on bone barrow can also cause the development of anemia. The viruses can include hepatitis and Epstein-Barr.
What medical tests help to determine an aplastic anemia diagnosis?
The tests that can help determine a diagnosis can include:
- Bone marrow aspirate and biopsy to help rule out other causes.
- Chest x-ray to check for infections
- Liver tests to check for liver diseases
- Viral studies to check for viral infections
- Vitamin B12 and folate levels to check for vitamin deficiencies.
- Blood tests for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
- X-rays, ultrasound imaging tests and computed tomography scans to check for enlarged lymph nodes, kidneys and bones in the arms and hands.
- Tests for antibodies to check for immune competency.
Anytime an individual is affected by aplastic anemia, questions and concerns may arise. Questions regarding the causes, treatments, complications and types should be monitored by medical professionals. For more information or for answers to these questions, an individual should contact an Expert.