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No, they are not. You already deducted the contributions either on Form 1040 or through your W-2. So, getting a deduction for that would effectively be double dipping and getting the deduction twice.
That's true, you'd only have things that were not reimbursed.
Yea. If its eligible for HSA money, then it will be deductible on Schedule A if you did not use your HSA to reimburse you.
Yea, the food is if it meets three tests:
1. The food doesn't satisfy normal nutritional needs, 2. The food alleviates or treats an illness, and 3. The need for the food is substantiated by a physician.
Here's a pretty good list of what's HSA eligible:
Yea, it's based on AGI. However, the new tax bill changed the 10% to 7.5% for everyone.