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If you are filing your US tax return as a nonresident alien - then - your Australian fellowship is not taxable.
If however - you are filing the US tax return as a resident alien - then you will include all your worldwide income - but will be allowed deduct travel expenses related to this trip on your 2017 tax return.
Let me know if you need any help with reporting.
Taxable fellowship is reported as wages on form 1040 line 7.
When you have business related travel - that is reported on form 2106.
You will be able to deduct flight tickets.
Per Diem in Sydney is $157 - that is for meal
In additional dwelling as per receipts.
Please be aware that deduction will NOT be available in 2018.
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