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NJ is one of the states that is "difficult to leave", just like CA, NY or CT especially if you are moving to a state with no income tax. If you will be spending about equal amount between NJ and FL you will need to keep record of your time you spend in NJ and anywhere else. It does not have to be FL. If you spend more than 183 days in NJ you are considered NJ resident.
You can demonstrate your out of state pretense with gas/grocery receipts, credit card statements, tolls, parking or event tickets. It is all about consistency. If you for instance live in Miami, FL and swipe your CC in Orlando gas station heading to NJ on April 12 and for the next 4 month you have grocery receipts from a supermarket in Paramus NJ it is safe to assume that you were in NJ.
The state cannot keep track of all the "snow birds" so mostly high earners are target.
Correct. You will only need to count days physically spent in NJ. You can spend the rest in FL or NY or anywhere else. But you will need to count every day you are physically present in NJ, even if it is just a half day or few hours. You do not need to count days when you are in transit, traveling from NY to FL through NJ.
Any day you are physically present in NJ for any period of time will count as day spent in NJ unless you cross NJ on your way to final destination, for instance from NY to FL or NY to PA.
It depends on your domicile:
Per NJ Nonresident booklet instructions:
Domicile. A domicile is the place you consider your permanent home—the place where you intend to return after a period of absence (e.g., vacation, business assignment, educational leave). You have only one domicile, although you may have more than one place to live. Your domicile does not change until you move to a new location with the intent to establish your permanent home there and to abandon your New Jersey domicile. Moving to a new location, even for a long time, does not change your domicile if you intend to return to New Jersey. Your home, whether inside or outside New Jersey, is not permanent if you maintain it only for a temporary period to accomplish a particular purpose (e.g., temporary job assignment). If New Jersey is your domicile, you are considered a resident for New Jersey tax purposes unless you meet all three conditions for nonresident status (see chart). If New Jersey is not your domicile, you are only considered a New Jersey resident if you maintain a permanent home and spend more than 183 days here.
As long as NJ is not your domicile, you can have an apartment in NJ and use it while in NJ without being considered a resident of NJ.