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Ask Lane Your Own Question
Category: Tax
Satisfied Customers: 11854
Experience:  Law Degree, specialization in Tax Law and Corporate Law, CFP and MBA, Providing Financial & Tax advice since 1986
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Homework questions over Federal income tax returns

Customer Question

• Use the following information to complete Paul and Judy Vance’s 2010 federal
income tax return. If information is missing, use reasonable assumptions to fill
in the gaps.
• You may need the following forms and schedules to complete the project:
Form 1040, Schedule A, Schedule B, Schedule C, Schedule D, Schedule E,
Schedule SE, Form 2106-EZ, Form 4562 (for the dental practice), Form 4562
(for the rental property), Form 4797, and Form 8863. The forms, schedules,
and instructions can be found at the IRS Web site ( The
instructions can be helpful in completing the forms.
1. Paul J. and Judy L. Vance are married and file a joint return. Paul is self-
employed as a dentist, and Judy is a college professor. Paul and Judy have
three children. The oldest is Vince who lives at home. Vince is a law student
at the University of Cincinnati and worked part-time during the year, earning
$1,500, which he spent for his own support. Paul and Judy provided $6,000
toward Vince’s support (including $4,000 for Vince’s fall tuition). They also
provided over half the support of their daughter, Joan, who is a full-time
student at Edgecliff College in Cincinnati. Joan worked part-time as an independent contractor during the year, earning $3,200. Joan lived at home until
she was married in December 2010. She filed a joint return with her husband,
Patrick, who earned $20,000 during the year. Jennifer is the youngest and
lived in the Vance’s’ home for the entire year. The Vance’s provide you with the
following additional information:
• Paul and Judy would like to take advantage on their return of any
educational expenses paid for their children.
• The Vance’s do not want to contribute to the presidential election
• The Vance’s live at***** Cincinnati, OH 45211.

• Paul’s birthday is ***** and his Social Security number is *****
• Judy’s birthday is ***** and her Social Security number is *****
• Vince’s birthday is ***** and his Social Security number is *****
• Joan’s birthday is ***** and her Social Security number is *****
• Jennifer’s birthday is ***** and her Social Security number is
• The Vance’s do not have any foreign bank accounts or trusts.
2. Judy is a lecturer at Xavier University in Cincinnati, where she earned $30,000.
The university withheld federal income tax of $3,375, state income tax of

Appendix C C-1
$900, Cincinnati city income tax of $375, $1,860 of Social Security tax and
$435 of Medicare tax. She also worked part of the year for Delta Airlines.
Delta paid her $10,000 in salary, and withheld federal income tax of $1,125,
state income tax of $300, Cincinnati city income tax of $125, Social Security
tax of $620 and Medicare tax of $145.
3. The Vance’s received $800 of interest from State Savings Bank on a joint
account. They received interest of $1,000 on City of Cincinnati bonds they
bought in January with the proceeds of a loan from Third National Bank of
Cincinnati. They paid interest of $1,100 on the loan. Paul received a dividend
of $540 on General Bicycle Corporation stock he owns. Judy received a dividend of $390 on Acme Clothing Corporation stock she owns. Paul and Judy
received a dividend of $865 on jointly owned stock in Maple Company. All of
the dividends received in 2010 are qualified dividends.
4. Paul practices under the name “Paul J. Vance, DDS.” His business is located at 
***** Cincinnati, OH 45211, and his employer identification number is ***** Paul’s gross receipts during the year were $111,000. Paul uses
the cash method of accounting for his business. Paul’s business expenses are as
Advertising $ 1,200
Professional dues 490
Professional journals 360
Contributions to employee benefit plans 2,000
Malpractice insurance 3,200
Fine for overbilling State of Ohio for work 5,000
performed on welfare patient
Insurance on office contents 720
Interest on money borrowed to refurbish office 600
Accounting services 2,100
Miscellaneous office expense 388
Office rent 12,000
Dental supplies 7,672
Utilities and telephone 3,360
Wages 30,000
Payroll taxes 2,400
In June, Paul decided to refurbish his office. This project was completed and the
assets placed in service on July 1. Paul’s expenditures included $8,000 for new
office furniture, $6,000 for new dental equipment (seven-year recovery period),
and $2,000 for a new computer. Paul elected to compute his cost recovery
allowance using MACRS. He did not elect to use §179 immediate expensing and he chose to not claim any bonus depreciation.
5. Judy’s mother, Sarah, died on July 2, 2005, leaving Judy her entire estate.
Included in the estate was Sarah’s residence (325 Oak Street, Cincinnati, OH
45211). Sarah’s basis in the residence was $30,000. The fair market value of the
residence on July 2, 2005,

Submitted: 4 years ago.
Category: Tax
Expert:  Lane replied 4 years ago.

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There was $155,000. The property was distributed to Judy on January 1, 2006. The Vance’s have held the property as rental property and have managed it themselves. From January 1, 2006, until June 30, 2010, they rented the house to the same tenant. The tenant was transferred to a branch office in California and moved out at the end of June. Since they did not want to bother finding a new tenant, Paul and Judy sold the house on June 30, 2010.

They received $140,000 for the house and land ($15,000 for the land and $125,000 for the house), less a 6 percent commission charged by the broker. They had

C-2 Appendix C

depreciated the house using the MACRS rules and conventions applicable to residential real estate. To compute depreciation on the house, the Vance’s had allocated $15,000 of the property’s basis to the land on which the house is located. The Vance’s collected rent of $1,000 a month during the six months the house was occupied during the year. They incurred the following related expenses during this period:

Property insurance $500

Property taxes 800

Maintenance 465

Depreciation (to be computed)?

6. The Vance’s sold 200 shares of Capp Corporation stock on September 3, 2010, for $42 a share (minus a $50 commission). The Vance’s received the stock from Paul’s father on June 25, 1979, as a wedding present. Paul’s father originally purchased the stock for $10 per share in 1966. The stock was valued at $14.50 per share on the date of the gift. No gift tax was paid on the gift.

7. Judy is required by Xavier University to visit several high schools in the

Cincinnati area to evaluate Xavier University students who are doing their practice teaching. However, she is not reimbursed for the expenses she incurs in doing this. During the spring semester (January through April 2010), she drove her personal automobile 6,800 miles in fulfilling this obligation. Judy drove an additional 6,700 personal miles during 2010. She has been using the car since June 30, 2009. Judy uses the standard mileage method to calculate her car expenses.

8. Paul and Judy have given you a file containing the following receipts for expenditures during the year:

Prescription medicine and drugs (net of insurance reimbursement) $376

Doctor and hospital bills (net of insurance reimbursement) 2,468

Penalty for underpayment of last year’s state income tax 15

Real estate taxes on personal residence 4,762

Interest on home mortgage (paid to Home State Savings & Loan) 8,250

Interest on credit cards (consumer purchases) 595

Cash contribution to St. Matthew’s church 3,080

Payroll deductions for Judy’s contributions to the United Way 150

Professional dues (Judy) 325

Professional subscriptions (Judy) 245

Fee for preparation of 2009 tax return paid April 14, 2010 500

9. The Vance’s filed their 2009 federal, state, and local returns on April 14, 2010. They paid the following additional 2009 taxes with their returns:

federal income taxes of $630, state income taxes of $250, and city income taxes of $75.

10. The Vance’s made timely estimated federal income tax payments of $1,500 each quarter during 2010. They also made estimated state income tax payments of $300 each quarter and estimated city income tax payments of $160 each quarter.

The Vance’s made all fourth-quarter payments on December 31, 2010. They would like to receive a refund for any overpayments.