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I recieved seperation pay from the government for being discharged

from the military under "Title...
I recieved seperation pay from the government for being discharged from the military under "Title 10" (Involuntary Seperation). The seperation pay was 28,000. It was taxed so I only recieved 21,000. I just recieved my disability percentage from the military and they will be recouping the AFTER tax amount of 21,000 from my disability checks until Jan 2015. Since They are recouping the main amount wouldnt it be catagorized as a LOAN now since they will be gitting it back? Also shouldnt I recieve the full tax portioned back since the recoupment (which is from my disability check) is tax free?
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Answered in 10 minutes by:
9/3/2012
Robin D.
Robin D., Senior Tax Advisor 4
Category: Tax
Satisfied Customers: 15,868
Experience: 15years with H & R Block. Divisional leader, Instructor
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Hello and thank you for using Just Answer,

You have a point of logic in your thinking but here is how you would deal with the fact that you were already taxed on the lump sum.

If your disability rating was retroactive to the date of your discharge, you can go back and amend your return for the year of the payment. You will show the lump sum payment as a negative under Other Income , this will remove the amount from your income for that year and you should receive a full refund on any amount you did not get because of the lump sum being added to your income for that year.

You will have to send in a copy of your disability determination letter and a statement showing the calculation used to get the nontaxable portion. The statement is very important especially if the VA did not give you 100% disability. You should still do the calculation even if you are 100% under VA. You will need to refer in your 1040X to St Clair determination as to why you are amending.

Make sure you only send copies of your determination letter with the 1040X and highlight the portion that shows the retroactive date.

If you are not comfortable dealing with the amended return, get a tax professional to do it for you as long as they say yes they know about St Clair and retroactive disability.

Arizona will also need to be amended.

Robin D.
Robin D., Senior Tax Advisor 4
Category: Tax
Satisfied Customers: 15,868
Experience: 15years with H & R Block. Divisional leader, Instructor
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Now if all this just happened and your payment was made to you in 2012 then the military will issue you a W2 showing the full amount along with the withholding. You will then report that as income on your 2012 return and then on line 21 do all the other I stated to subtract the amount out of your income and receive your withholding amount back as a refund.

I had to add this because when re reading your post I could not be sure if you meant 2011 or 2012 for the payment..

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Robin D.
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