How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask Robin D. Your Own Question
Robin D.
Robin D., Senior Tax Advisor 4
Category: Tax
Satisfied Customers: 15457
Experience:  15years with H & R Block. Divisional leader, Instructor
Type Your Tax Question Here...
Robin D. is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

I have a US IRA account that I would like to transfer to my

This answer was rated:

I have a US IRA account that I would like to transfer to my UK registered pension.
The money was 3 x $10,000 contributions from a company 401k Plan for the years 1997,1998 and 1999. When I left the US I switched this money into an ordinary IRA account as I was effectively leaving the US company to come back to London to work for the same company . This transfer happened between Dec 1999 - Feb 2000 at the latest. I have not worked in the US since then, nor have there been any contributions to the account.

I never had a green card or any other form of permanent residence status - my stay in the US from Feb 1995 - Dec 1999 was under an employer-sponsored work visa, my employer being at the time the Schroder Group.

The current IRA provider will make the transfer to the UK scheme, but will retain 30% withholding tax. My own research suggests that under the USA/UK Tax Treaties that this can be done without the tax being withheld, but I am struggling to find any suitable adviser that can provide me with the necessary statute or part of the Treaty to give the IRA provider the comfort to transfer the funds without withholding the Tax.

Can you assist. Happy to engage and pay the necessary fees.


Hello and thank you for using Just Answer.

Since transfers or direct rollovers from US IRAs are only allowed to be rolled over to IRS qualified plans foreign pension plans are not governed by the U.S. Tax Code, they cannot be classified as qualified trusts. Accordingly, amounts from these plans cannot be rolled over to any of the retirement accounts not in the country that governs them.

This means that what you will really be doing is a Lump Sum distribution from the US IRA. The US-UK tax treaty does cover this subject. Article 17 of the treaty deals with pensions. Since the IRA was generated with money from a 401K it would fall under pensions for tax treaty determination.

Under the previous treaty, a lump-sum payment from a pension scheme was taxable only in the country of residence. So if an individual moved from the US to the UK before receiving a lump sum from a US pension scheme, they would be taxable on the lump sum neither in the US (because of the treaty) nor in the UK (which does not tax lump sums anyway).

The treaty was changed and now the individual will only be taxed in the country where they are resident at time of distribution.

The withholding of the taxes in the US would be the real problem. Could the W8 form cover this with the understanding that you are requesting no withholding based on Tax Treaty provisions under Article 17? Here is a link to the W8 Form:

Part II of the W8 allows you to fill in the treaty information that allows for no withholding.

The IRA administrator would keep this to show the reason for not withholding the taxes. If they will not then you would still need to file a 1040NR and use the Article 17 Treaty to request your withholding back from the US.

Your situation is complicated, it is only recently that treaties were changed to allow for contribution deductions when made in a foreign country by a resident.

I sincerely XXXXX XXXXX is helpful,

Customer: replied 6 years ago.

So from your response, and by the way thank you for that very helpful, we complete the W8 form and tick part II. For Q9 tick a


For Q10 we state Aticle 17 and claim 30% withholding Tax or should this be zero?


what do we specify as type of income? Is it that this is a Lump Sum payment from a Pension, the fund originating from contributions to a 401k?


The reasons then being....that under the latest US and UK Treaty this sum will only be assessed for taxation in the individual's country of residence at the date of distribution, the UK?


Thanks Bob

You are correct. It is a lumpsum payment that will need to be made and per the treaty you should not be taxed on the amount since it will be taxable to UK. 0% withholding should be claimed. The 30% is what we are trying to avoid.

Now will the administrator accept the W8? I would call them and ask. Like I stated this is new ground and although stock trades and other investment accounts have been going through this for years the IRA situation i s really still new ground.

I think they will but if they say they cannot (they will probably site internal reasons if they will not accept) know that you can file the 1040NR and get the withholding back that way as the treaty article will be a normal procedure for IRS to deal with.

I really hope this all works out for you,

Customer: replied 6 years ago.

Many thanks Robin, much appreciated. This is really useful.



You are welcome.


Robin D. and 2 other Tax Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 6 years ago.



The provider of the IRA still refuses to transfer without withholding tax. Can you be engaged formally, or can you recommend somebody who could be engaged formally, so that the provider in Florida could be provided with sufficient comfort to make the transfer without withholding the tax?


Or do I need to get something from the IRS that again confirms that the current IRA provider is able to make the transfer. AGain, could you facilitate this?


I appreciate that this would involve fees at a much higher level.




The W8 form is the IRS form that is used. If the provider will not accept then you will need to file the 1040NR to get back the withholding. I am not in a position to intercede for you and I am prevented form any recommendation.
I wish I could tell you other wise but I can see their position. As a third party in the transaction they are afraid to not withhold as it could place them in a position with the treasury department for liability. They are most probably deeming this US source since it is from an IRA that is established in the US.


Related Tax Questions