How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask StructuralEng Your Own Question
StructuralEng
StructuralEng, Consultant
Category: Structural Engineering
Satisfied Customers: 7265
Experience:  Structural Engineer
59685895
Type Your Structural Engineering Question Here...
StructuralEng is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

I plan to knock out an existing CMU column to install a

Customer Question

I plan to knock out an existing CMU column to install a patio door that is 155in wide. A 3.5in wide by 7in high (actual dimensions) beam (I'm pretty sure that the beam is made out of Douglas Fir) holds the roof on a relatively flat pitch. The beam supports 2x6 trusses that is about 24in on center, which holds a plywood/asphalt sheet roof with silicon coating and has solar panels on top of the roof. I made some calculations myself and came up with the following:
Shear: 645 lbs
Max Moment:0.562 in
Section Modulus of 25 in
Am I safe to knock out the CMU column to install the large patio door.
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Structural Engineering
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

Hello

Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

You want the 3.5" x 7" wood beam to span 155"?

Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

Is this a gable roof?

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Nope, just a flat built up roof.
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

What is the city and state so I can look at snow loading?

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
No snow, Mililani, HI...Honolulu county
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

What is the rafter length?

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
From the horizontal beam where the patio door will below and the next support over is 13.5 ft (which is a large 4x16) beam is 13.5ft
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

That 3.5" x 7" beam is really not even close to the correct size.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Really....what should it be? I calculated that the Max Moment is 0.5625 in where the allowable is 0.646in; Section Modulus calculates 25 in cubed, allowable should be 28.5in cubed or less.
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

What are you calling the max moment. That is not the correct magnitude nor units for the bending moment.

Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

I calculate a maximum moment of 5,250 #-ft

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
My calcs are max deflection at center.
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

Deflection is not the same at moment.

The deflection under a full design load in the 3.5" x 7" beam is over 1"

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Also, my assumption for distributed weight on the beam was 100 lb/ft
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

About 1.3"

Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

100 plf means about 15 psf. That is DL only. That does not account for the required roof minimum live load of 20 psf. It also doesn't account for the creep deflection.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Wow...I just have done something wrong or using the wrong equations... are we sure that I've framed the problem correctly?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.
You're correct, I didn't factor in live load or creep deflection.
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

I don't think so. I think you just didn't account for all of the loading and all of the deflection. These are not things you would necessarily know if you don't do this every day.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
I guess that is it...3.7in W x 7in H beam under a distributed load of about 35 psf (dead + live load) with a span of 155 in, exceeds the beam's capacity to hold the roof?
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

It does. By a factor of almost 3.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
OK...thanks.
Expert:  StructuralEng replied 1 year ago.

No problem. I'm happy to help. Good luck with your project.