Hi there and thank you for your question,
I will try to assist you with your legal question but please feel free to ask as many follow up questions as you like until you are 100% satisfied.
Malicious damage to property is the unlawful and intentional damaging of property that belongs to another person and this is a crime in South African law.
This damage must be to something physical like harming your dog or other pets or live stock, or intentional damage to any other possession of yours like your furniture, lawnmower a building, a motor vehicle or any other tangible thing and it must be real and cause you financial lost, for instance if the restoration of property cost the owner money, the damage had been done.
Any such damage must be intended to damage your property and not be accidental damage.
If something is due to negligence like a car accident then such a person cannot be charged with malicious damage to property because there was no intention.
In your instance, you said that you accidentally broke a neighbour's window because you banged it too hard.
In my opinion, that doesn't sound as if you intended breaking the window. At best, ***** ***** as if you were negligent in banging the window too hard while knowing that it "might" break.
In my opinion you need to speak to the police (the investigating officer) alternatively the prosecutor and tell them that (i) you will offer to reimburse your neighbour for the costs of the repairs; and (ii) that you never intended breaking the window; and (iii) that it was an accident at best.
They should then withdraw the charges.
Perhaps you can also explain this to your neighbour, and tell her to please withdraw the charges!
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Good luck and best regards,