Kathy, I need you assistance with another question just like the one from last week. 1. Reinforcement Schedules Various reinforcement schedules have been shown to have different effects on the rate and retention of learning. In your own words, explain the meaning of fixed interval (FI), variable interval (VI), fixed ratio (FR), and variable ratio (VR) reinforcement schedules. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types of reinforcement schedules? Give an example from your own experience when one of the four types of reinforcement schedules was used. What were the results? Your initial post should be a minimum of 250-300 words. You must use at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed source that was published within the past five years and is cited according to APA guidelines. 2. Reinforcement Contingencies Select either Option A or Option B. Option A: View the Heroin Experiment video. Based on the principles of reinforcement and reinforcement contingencies, explain how some individuals may continue to use heroin even though their reactions after using the drug for the first time are often both pleasurable and repulsive. Warning: This video contains adult language. If you are offended by adult language, you may turn off the sound at the 50:20 minute mark and just watch the remainder of the video, or you may choose Option B. Your initial post should be a minimum of 250-300 words. You must use at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed source that was published within the past five years and is cited according to APA guidelines. Option B: Review the Dodd, Glassman, Arthur, Webb, and Miller (2010) article regarding positive and negative consequences of excessive alcohol consumption among underage college students. Based on the principles of reinforcement and reinforcement contingencies, explain why these college students continue to drink alcohol to excess despite the reported negative consequences. Your initial post should be a minimum of 250-300 words. You must use at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed source that was published within the past five years and is cited according to APA guidelines. Article link: Dodd, V., Glassman, T., Arthur, A., Webb, M., & Miller, M.. (2010). Why underage college students drink in excess: Qualitative research findings. American Journal of Health Education, 41(2), 93-101. Retrieved from the ProQuest database. Video link: Ogilvie, C., Kleider, A., & Kleider, M. (Producers). (2010). Heroin experiment. In Streets of plenty: Inside the world of the homeless. Retrieved from Films On Demand database. PLEASE LET ME KNOW IF YOU CAN NOT LOCATE THE ABOVE LINKS. 3. 10 question QUIZ The quiz I can post Thurs evening again. Is Thurs good for you? 4. Essay assignment: Final Paper Outline/Annotated Bibliography For this assignment, you must create an outline and annotated bibliography that will be used as the basis for your Final Paper. Review the criteria for your Final Paper in Week Five of this course. Your outline should contain a heading for each of the three required conditioning theories (classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and neobehaviorism). Each heading should have a one- to two sentence description of that theory. Under each heading, you must include sub-headings as outlined below, with a two-to three sentence description of each. The description should demonstrate that you have done significant research, evaluation, and critical thinking on the issues related to each theory as well as its application to various learning environments. For example: I. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING A. Describe the major principles associated with this theory. B. Explain the contributions of the major theorists who worked to develop this theory. C. Define the major principles associated within this theory as they relate to the psychology of learning. D. Summarize how this theory makes use of prior experience in explaining how people learn. E. Describe how this theory explains how permanent change in behavior takes place. F. Apply this theory to a real world setting (e.g., schools, treatment facilities, businesses, social activities). The annotated bibliography must include a minimum of five scholarly, peer-reviewed sources that were published within the last five years. Each source should include a brief description of the source and a summary of how it is relevant to the topic of your paper. Your outline and annotated bibliography must adhere to APA style. Your assignment should be THREE TO FIVE pages in length and organized as follows: a. Title Page (one page) b. Outline (one to two pages) c. Annotated Bibliography (one to two pages) Once you accept the assignment I will attach the final paper topics that are needed to complete the bibliography.
Link to video: http://digital.films.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?aid=18596&xtid=43701