Real Estate Law
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Utility easements are specifically worded to state what it is that they allow to have happen on the servient estate (i.e. your property).
Do you have a copy of the language of the easement?
Typically the easement will give the neighbor the right to use that particular area of land for their existing use, like if there is a sewer line or water line, or underground utilities.. It also gives them the right to maintain those utilities on the property if they need to be repaired or replaced. But if the land is disturbed due to the neighbor's actions in maintaining their utilities, they have to return it to that same condition, like replacing any landscaping.
So it is going to depend on the language of the easement as to whether they could actually install a pole on the property, but I am inclined to say no as that would be an unreasonable interference with your property rights if there is not one already existing..
That can help as the old saying "good fences make good neighbors" is true.. But that wouldn't affect any easement as the easement holder has the right to unencumbered use of that area. So legally you couldn't install anything on that easement land, although it is unlikely to cause a fuss if you did...
If you had a copy of your deed, it should have the easement language in it so you can see exactly what they have the right to use your land for..