Thank you; I am sorry you are having to deal with roommate situations;
if a roommate is not on the lease but pays rent to the other roommate that is on the lease, the individual is a subtenant of the roommate that is on the lease. The roommate serves as the landlord and must comply with all codes protecting tenants. So for example, if rent is not paid, an eviction process may be started. If the roommate/Landlord wants the tenant to leave, they need to provide a notice to vacate.
For oral leases, the court typically presumes it is a month to month lease, and a 30 day notice is required - here is the code:
SECTION 27-40-770. Periodic tenancy; holdover remedies.
(a) The landlord or the tenant may terminate a week-to-week tenancy by a written notice given to the other at least seven days before the termination date specified in the notice.
(b) The landlord or the tenant may terminate a month-to-month tenancy by a written notice given to the other at least thirty days before the termination date specified in the notice.
(c) If the tenant remains in possession without the landlord's consent after expiration of the term of the rental agreement or its termination, the landlord may bring an action for possession. If the holdover is not in good faith, the landlord may recover reasonable attorney's fees. If the tenant's holdover is a wilful violation of the provisions of this chapter or the rental agreement, the landlord may also recover an amount not more than three months periodic rent or twice the actual damages sustained by him, whichever is greater and reasonable attorney's fees. If the landlord consents to the tenant's continued occupancy, Section 27-40-310(d) applies.
Also the roommate/landlord can be evicted by the landlord if the lease precludes subtenants; if a tenant violates the lease, they are in breach and they can be evicted based on that breach.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.