Real Estate Law
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Ok, the problem here is that you agreed to the $333K price in the contract, but only paid the $302K. So it would be hard to claim that you had no idea about the mistake at the closing if you were expecting to pay $333K.
But under the legal doctrine of "Mistake" you don't get to keep the house for the $302K. That doctrine states that if there is either a unilateral or mutual mistake in a contract, then the injured party can reform the contract so as to correct any problem to reflect the true agreement. Also under the legal doctrine of "unjust enrichment" it states that if someone unjustly receives a benefit, they then have to pay for it or return the benefit/good.
So unfortunately, the closing error is not going to result in you getting to keep that extra $31K ($333-$302) as the seller would have a winning case if they sued under either of the legal doctrines for breach of contract.
I am very sorry that I don’t have better news, but please understand that I do have an ethical and professional obligation to provide customers with legally correct answers based on my knowledge and experience, even when I know the answer doesn’t make the customer happy...
I am just talking about how a judge would see it if it got that far... He would look at the contract you signed for $333K and say, "Clearly this was a clerical or mathematical mistake, you do owe them the additional $31K" and then issue a judgment in favor of the seller.
I don't like the outcome here... because you did act in good faith in asking about the price discrepancy and the closing company made the error. But the law won't force the seller to take the loss on something like this because the initial contract is still legally binding.