Real Estate Law
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If these changes in paint are only on common areas, then the Board has the authority to manage and maintain those areas, including choosing any paint colors as long as there is nothing in the Bylaws that requires them to put any paint color decisions to a vote of the members.
But if there is some type of architectural review committee and an established procedure for choosing paint colors, then the Board would have to follow that procedure or any member could challenge their actions as improper by filing suit against them for breach of contract.
It would depend on whether the actual wall was owned by the HOA as a common element, or whether it was owned by the individual homeowner as part of their deeded property. It doesn't have to be a common area, just a common element. So if the HOA owns the 6.5 foot painted wall, not the individual homeowner, then they can paint any color they want, subject to any CCRs or Bylaws regarding architectural or aesthetic considerations.
If this was the homeowner owned wall, then it is their private personal property and the HOA wouldn't have any legal right to paint a homeowner's personal property unless there is a specific Bylaw that gives them that power.
So it boils down to who actually owns the wall, not the fact that it is used to enclose a privately owned dwelling area of a homeowner.