Real Estate Law
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Is there anything in writing where the primary tenant agreed to rent to you for a fixed term?
Who told you to move, the friend or the landlord?
And her notice to move is only verbal, correct?
Ok, if there is no written sublease between you and friend, then legally you are considered a month to month tenant under an oral lease agreement. Either party can terminate the tenancy by giving the other a 15 day written notice to vacate. So here, if the notice to move was verbal, it is not legally effective to terminate the tenancy. She would have to give you a written 15 day notice in order to start any clock on when she could terminate the tenancy and then evict through the courts if you didn't vacate.
So as of right now, you can ignore her verbal notice.
You can just show them any receipts that you have for paying rent... But the sheriff won't come out unless there is a court order directing him to... Sheriffs are officers of the court and are only dispatched for law enforcement or if they have an order from a judge, like an eviction order and writ. Local police won't intervene either since this is strictly a civil matter, not a criminal one. Also, you could direct them to the landlord who can confirm that you are subleasing..
No, it has to be a written paper notice stating that the tenant has at least 15 days starting the day after the notice is delivered to legally terminate the tenancy.
As I mentioned, you can show the copy of the check to the sheriff and he can confirm with the landlord that you are a tenant. But sheriffs handle things outside city limits, so if you are in the city, it would be the police who would respond to any trespassing complaint. But the fact you have a check made payable to the landlord, keys to the place (presumably) and the landlord will confirm you are living there will be definitive proof that this is strictly a civil matter, not a criminal one.
So law enforcement intervening in this is extremely unlikely, but if they did, then you have proof of your tenancy.