Real Estate Law
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You can't be evicted from property that you own, so unlawful detainer is not the appropriate measure. However, the HOA does have the right to sue or even begin foreclosure proceedings against you for the debt owed to it by non-payment of association fees.
The good news is that you will not be ordered out of your home in 15 days. Instead, if you don't pay the money demanded within the time frame, the HOA can start legal proceedings against you for the money owed. Thus, the next thing you would get is a notice of foreclosure or some other action to recover the money owed.
You have the right to remain in the property until the court date, and possibly even a month or two after if this matter goes all the way to court without getting resolved.
The best thing you can do is contact the HOA's attorney or whoever sent the letter and try to work out some type of pay arrangement to resolve this debt,
If there is a written agreement in place where the HOA has agreed to a repayment schedule, and now they're trying to abandon the agreement, you could actually sue the HOA for abuse of process, malicious prosecution in trying to institute these legal proceedings and also for breaching the agreement by pursuing you legally when you haven't violated the terms of the agreement.
If the emails acknowledge that there is an agreement, and that the HOA agrees to the repayments, that should be sufficient proof. You don't have to have a formal document in order to have a valid contract. As long as there's an offer to pay and an acceptance of the offer, you have a contract.