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Jane Lefler
Jane Lefler, Breeder,Behaviorist, formerVet Asst
Category: Dog
Satisfied Customers: 19826
Experience:  Former vol Vet Assistant.Breeder 18+ years Dog trainer / behaviorist
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My female spayed russel has a swollen vulva. i just noticed

Customer Question

my female spayed jack russel has a swollen vulva. i just noticed this evening. what could it be?
JA: I'm sorry to hear that. How old is russel?
Customer: she is 5
JA: Is there anything else the Veterinarian should be aware of about russel?
Customer: no
Submitted: 5 months ago.
Category: Dog
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

Hi JaCustomer,

Welcome to Just Answer. My name is Jane. I have been involved professionally with dogs in the healthcare and behavioral fields for over 20 years. I’ve worked as a Vet Assistant and Behaviorist and have extensive experience in dog reproduction, as a breeder, for even longer than that.. Canine behavioral issues and training are also my specialties. It will be my pleasure to work with you today.

It is necessary for me to get a little information from you before I can type up your reply. Your patience is appreciated.

Is she licking her vulva more often?

Has she had any kind of discharge?

Any bleeding or interest from male dogs?

Is there redness as well?

Customer: replied 5 months ago.
there is no discharge but she is licking it more
Customer: replied 5 months ago.
are you still there
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

Thanks for the additional information. It is helpful. I am typing your answer right now but it takes more than just a minute or two. It will likely take 10-15 minutes.

Customer: replied 5 months ago.
no phone call. could she have a uti?
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

I'll go over the various possibilities but I do need time to type them up.

Customer: replied 5 months ago.
no phone calls
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

I can't do phone calls either. I'm trying to type up the response now.

Customer: replied 5 months ago.
thank you
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

One possibility would be a UTI. Common symptoms of a urinary tract infection are frequent urination, dribbling urine, blood in the urine, squatting frequently to urinate, strong odor to the urine, inappropriate urination and straining to urinate as well as an increase in fluid intake. The constant licking of the vulva and urethra can lead to swelling of the vulva.

A dog with a UTI does not always show all the symptoms and typically displays 2 or 3. I believe you need to have your Vet check your dog out so it can get medication for the problem IF your dog is displaying 2 or more of the above symptoms.. If you believe it is a uti, two antibiotics that are commonly used are cephalexin (Keflex) and Enrofloxacin (Baytril.

You can read about Keflex and dosages here:

You can read about Baytril and dosages here:

This site discusses UTI’s and various medications used for treatments.

You should have your dog seen by a Vet for any UTI and should not administer any prescription medication without notifying your vet first.

Holistic approach to uti treatment can be found here:

Now it might also be a condition called vaginitis or a skin dermatitis of the fold of the vulva. Usually with vaginitis there is a discharge, but she may be licking it so much, that it isn't noticeable. You can read about vaginitis here:

If this is a skin fold dermatitis, You will want to keep the area clean and dry. Benzoyl Peroxide wipes are also effective for cleaning the folds as well and to keep bacteria in the area down. You should apply miconazole cream to help clear the dermatitis if it is yeast type dermatitis. You may also want to have your vet prescribe an antibiotic to help clear this infection up. Once the infection itself is cleared, keeping the area dry and free of bacteria with the wipes should help keep it cleared. You can read about skin fold dermatitis here:

If your girl is overweight, getting your dog's weight down will also help as being overweight does contribute to the amount of skin folds in the area.

Both vaginitis and skin fold dermatitis can cause the vulva to become swollen due to the irritation. If she doesn't have symptoms of a uti then try the wipes and miconazole cream until you can have her seen by your vet.

I hope I've given you great service. If so, I'd appreciate a 5 star rating. The rating should be based on my answer and not any site issue. If you expected something different from the site, please don't rate my answer lower as a result. If you have any other questions at all, please reply here and I'll be happy to follow up with you.

Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.
I'm just following up on our conversation about your pet. How is everything going?
Jane Lefler
Expert:  Jane Lefler replied 5 months ago.

Hi Again,

I just thought I'd check in to see how things are going for you and your dog. I strive to provide the best answer possible. Did you find my answer helpful?.