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Ask Dr. Michael Salkin Your Own Question
Dr. Michael Salkin
Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian
Category: Dog
Satisfied Customers: 28439
Experience:  University of California at Davis graduate veterinarian with 45 years of experience
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Small 35 pound terrier was bitten by a copper head on jaw

Customer Question

Small 35 pound terrier was bitten by a copper head on jaw line near neck. What to do?
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Dog
Expert:  Dr. Michael Salkin replied 1 year ago.

Start driving to the nearest veterinary ER. There are no home remedies which effectively address snake envenomation. Neither antihistamines, corticosteroids, nor antibiotics are of value in these patients. The standard of care is to hospitalize all dogs that are bitten regardless of their apparent hemodynamic stability for a minimum of 8 hours to assess for clinical signs that may first manifest during this period. IV fluids to treat hypotension or hypovolemic shock are important. Antivenom (polyvalent Crotalidae) should be administered as soon as possible; increased survival is seen when given close to the time of bite, but it's beneficial for at least 60 hours after envenomation. Please respond with further questions or concerns if you wish but I'd rather that you were on your way to the ER.