In regards XXXXX XXXXX on child/caregiver attachment, "The Strange Situation". This study was developed by a psychologist named Mary Ainsworth to document how babies and young children respond when briefly taken from their mother ( I say mother because that is who is involved in the majority of these studies). In this study, the mother and child are left alone in a room with a lot of toys and other objects interesting to babies and young children. The child explores the room in the presence of his mother, then suddenly a stranger enters and engages the mother in conversation. Then the stranger focuses attention on the child (distracting him or her) as his/her mother sneaks away out of the room. After a few minutes, the mother returns and comforts her child, and then leaves again, this time with the stranger. Shortly after, the stranger returns alone and engages the child, and then finally the child's mother returns and consoles him/her child again.
The findings from this experiment have shown that securely attached children explore the room when their mother is there, explores less when she is away, and often cried or were distressed, but showed happiness when she returned. After the secure child was consoled, he or she would be ready to explore again. The avoidant insecure child didn't explore much, and doesn't show much emotion when his or her mother leaves. The child also would possibly ignore his or her mother when she returned. The resistant insecure child also explored little, but showed great amounts of distress when mother was away. When mom returned, the child may show frustration and anger. The disorganized insecure child showed combinations of confusion and anxiety throughout the entire experiment, and are those seen as being at highest risk for emotional, developmental and behavioral issues in life.
There are definitely differences in the process of attachment across cultures, and it is also extremely dominant, regardless of culture, across gender. Girls are commonly given more hugs, kisses, and physical (and even often emotional) attention, as boys are not. It is important to understand a child's developmental milestones so that they can be supported in the level of development that they are in. Each child needs to be encouraged developmentally in regards XXXXX XXXXX they (individually) are at (not too advanced or behind where they are). The developmental milestone from birth to 5 years that I find most interesting is from about 9 months to a year, when children begin to gain the ability to stand, creep, walk, and gain the apposition of their thumb and forefinger. At this stage with such new abilities, a child's development boosts as they are able to explore and experiment with much more. I hope that I didn't give you too much, but I wanted to be sure that I covered all of the points that you asked about. If you have any further questions, or need me to elaborate on anything, please let me know. Thank you.