HiComplex ovarian cyst
is a type of cyst that has both solid and liquid components. Found in the ovary and encased in a thin wall, a complex cyst can appear to be exactly like a basic cyst.
The majority of ovarian cysts resolve spontaneously in all patient groups.
Pre-menopausal: complex cyst
Fewer such cysts resolve spontaneously in comparison to their simple counterparts. An 8.3% spontaneous resolution rate is witnessed among pre-menopausal women after expectant management.
Post-menopausal: simple cyst
In one study, 69.4% of uni-locular cysts resolved and 6.8% persisted as a uni-locular cyst. Thus, the risk of malignancy of such tumours measuring <10 cm in diameter is extremely low (<0.1%). Another study illustrated similar findings, with approximately 45% resolving on their own.
Post-menopausal: complex cyst
The frequency of malignancy within multi-loculated solid tumors is between 36% and 39%. Physicians should not manage such ovarian cysts expectantly; thus, rates of spontaneous resolution are unknown.Pregnancy
The majority of simple and complex masses will resolve spontaneously and present no risk to the pregnancy. One study of ovarian cysts in pregnancy illustrated a 70% rate of spontaneous resolution among complex cysts and a nearly 100% resolution of simple cysts.
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