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Thank you for the information and your question. As it stands now, with the JDA1 separation code, you would not be eligible for re-enlistment. That is because it is a "fraudulent enlistment" code. The RE 3P code could, potentially, be waived if the condition you had was no longer found to be an issue. However, the JDA1 cannot be waived. That is a complete bar to re-enlistment.
If you want to try, you can file a petition with the Board for Correction of Naval Records and see if they will change your codes. However, you will have to prove that the codes were awarded in "error" or as an "injustice." Normally though, if you didn't provide the information on your medical forms about the previous surgery and ear issues, that would be enough for a fraudulent enlistment finding.
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That is, unfortunately, correct. But, it doesn't cost anything but your time to try. Here is a link to the Board webpage: http://www.secnav.navy.mil/mra/bcnr/Pages/home.aspx
Yes, the JDA1 is the bar. The Re code would need a waiver, so it isn't a non-issue, but it isn't a bar to re-enlistment. Waivers though, right now, are hard to come by since there have been personnel cutbacks over the last few years, so less enlistees are needed. That means Services can be more selective and thus, waivers are hard to get.
Any branch of the Service. I will be logging off in 5 minutes as I have to take care of some Irma related issues with my car. But, if you have further follow up questions, I will get back to you first thing in the morning.
You're very welcome.