Mental Health

Have Mental Health Questions? Ask a Psychiatrist Online

Ask an Expert,
Get an Answer ASAP!

Mental Health

What is cognitive-behavioural and person-centred

Customer Question
counselling,what difference is there between...
what is cognitive-behavioural and person-centred counselling,what difference is there between the two approaches to the counselling relationship.
Submitted: 6 years ago.Category: Mental Health
Show More
Show Less
Ask Your Own Mental Health Question
Answered in 21 minutes by:
5/25/2011
Mental Health Professional: AgapeDoc, Psychologist replied 6 years ago
AgapeDoc
AgapeDoc, Psychologist
Category: Mental Health
Satisfied Customers: 197
Experience: Dr. W. D. Nicholas will help you find solutions to life's challenging issues.
Verified
AgapeDoc :

Thanks for reaching out to me at Just Answer - let me see if I can answer your question..

AgapeDoc :

OK... There are similarities and differences between these two therapy approaches. In person centered (sometimes called client centered) the client is at the "center" or is the focus of the therapy. In this approach it is presumed that the client actually has all the answers to his or her problems and the therapist serves as a "guide" to lead the client to figure out or discover what he or she wants. In this approach the therapist asks probing questions and listens very intently to the answers. In this approach the therapist does not consider himself the expert, but considers the client the expert. The client is not seen as being sick in need of a cure, but is seen as being stuck in need of someone to listen to him or her and to validate his or her feelings and position.

AgapeDoc :

In cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT the therapists uses many of the techniques that a client centered therapist would use - such as listening intently and asking probing questions. But in CBT the goal is to lead the client to realize that he or she has some irrational thoughts which are leading to problematic behaviors. In CBT the therapist takes the position that the client is in need of cognitive restructuring. In order to achieve this the therapist designs and assigns homework between sessions - the homework is designed to get the client to (little by little) make changes in his thoughts and behaviors until the desired (functional) thoughts and behaviors are achieved. In CBT the therapist challenges the client's thoughts and sometimes uses therapeutic confrontation to make the client realize that his thought and behaviors are not rational.

Customer:

could you include some examples of the difference

AgapeDoc :

Sure....

AgapeDoc :

CBT therapist might work with a client to help him get over his irrational fear of climbing stairs. The therapist will engage in a dialogue about how stairs are helpful and how stairs allow us to go to new places and get to new floors, etc. Then the therapist will have the client go up one stair and discuss how nothing bad happened at that point. In subsequent sessions the client will go up another step and so on until they get to the top of the stairs.

AgapeDoc :

This approach can work for other issues, such as fear of being outside, fear of elevators, and etc. But it not only works for fear issues, but virtually everything that a client is needing help with.

AgapeDoc :

In the Client Centered Therapy approach, the therapist will ask lots of questions and direct the conversation based on what the client says. For example:

AgapeDoc :

Therapist: What brings you in today

AgapeDoc :

Client: I'm having trouble getting along with my wife

AgapeDoc :

Therapist: Tell me more

AgapeDoc :

Client: She always seems too busy for me.

AgapeDoc :

Therapist: So, your feeling left out of her life.

AgapeDoc :

Client: Yes, that's it. And I don

AgapeDoc :

and I don't like it - I work hard and when I come home I want her to spend some time with me

AgapeDoc :

T: So you feel somewhat cheated and want to get some validation for what you bring to the relationship

AgapeDoc :

C: That is so true! I earn the money to keep the house going and she's happy to live in a nice house, but she spends all her time with her friends - she has them over when I get home and I don't even feel good about being home sometimes

AgapeDoc :

T: What happens when you bring this up to her...

AgapeDoc :

And that's how the conversation would continue until the client sees clearly what HE wants to do about the situation. Hopefully you can see why this is called client centered. It would take quite a while in this forum to go through the whole process, but the client would eventually come to realize that there is something he has missed doing that will lead him to happiness.

AgapeDoc :

I hope this helps - let me know how I'm doing :)

Customer:

just one more ,what would be the similarities,thanks for putting the answers in plane english.

Customer:

what is the constructivist revolution,also solution-focus therapy. i meant plain english

AgapeDoc
AgapeDoc, Psychologist
Category: Mental Health
Satisfied Customers: 197
Experience: Dr. W. D. Nicholas will help you find solutions to life's challenging issues.
Verified
AgapeDoc and 87 other Mental Health Specialists are ready to help you
Ask your own question now
Ask AgapeDoc Your Own Question
AgapeDoc
AgapeDoc
AgapeDoc, Psychologist
Category: Mental Health
Satisfied Customers: 197
197 Satisfied Customers
Experience: Dr. W. D. Nicholas will help you find solutions to life's challenging issues.

AgapeDoc is online now

A new question is answered every 9 seconds

How JustAnswer works:

  • Ask an ExpertExperts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional AnswerVia email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction GuaranteeRate the answer you receive.

JustAnswer in the News:

Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.

What Customers are Saying:

I can go as far as to say it could have resulted in saving my sons life and our entire family now knows what bipolar is and how to assist and understand my most wonderful son, brother and friend to all who loves him dearly. Thank you very much

Corrie MollPretoria, South Africa

I thank-you so much! It really helped to have this information and confirmation. We will watch her carefully and get her in for the examination and US right away if things do not improve. God bless you as well!

ClaudiaAlbuquerque, NM

Outstanding response time less than 6 minutes. Answered the question professionally and with a great deal of compassion.

KevinBeaverton, OR

Suggested diagnosis was what I hoped and will take this info to my doctor's appointment next week.
I feel better already! Thank you.

ElanorTracy, CA

Thank you to the Physician who answered my question today. The answer was far more informative than what I got from the Physicians I saw in person for my problem.

JulieLockesburg, AR

You have been more help than you know. I seriously don't know what my sisters situation would be today if you had not gone above and beyond just answering my questions.

John and StefanieTucson, AZ

I have been dealing with an extremely serious health crisis for over three years, and one your physicians asked me more questions, gave me more answers and encouragement than a dozen different doctors who have been treating me!!

Janet VPhoenix, AZ

< Previous | Next >

Meet the Experts:

Dr. Keane

Dr. Keane

Therapist

1,379 satisfied customers

Clinical Psychology PhD, Licensed Professional Counselor with experience in marriage/family, teens and child psychology.

TherapistMarryAnn

TherapistMarryAnn

Therapist

3,984 satisfied customers

Over 20 years experience specializing in anxiety, depression, drug and alcohol, and relationship issues.

Dr. Olsen

Dr. Olsen

Psychologist

2,336 satisfied customers

PsyD Psychologist

Norman M.

Norman M.

Principal psychotherapist in private practice. Newspaper contributor, over 2000 satisfied clients on JA

2,246 satisfied customers

ADHP(NC), DEHP(NC), ECP, UKCP Registered.

Dr. Michael

Dr. Michael

Psychologist

2,177 satisfied customers

Licensed Ph.D. Clinical Health Psychology with 30 years of experience in private practive and as a clinical psychology university professor.

Steven Olsen

Steven Olsen

Therapist

1,728 satisfied customers

More than twenty years of expertise in counseling, psychological diagnosis and education

Anna

Anna

Mental Health Professional

1,656 satisfied customers

Licensed Clinical Social Worker with 29 years in addictions and mental health.

< Previous | Next >

Related Mental Health Questions
I'm concerned that fighting an screaming at a neighbouring
Hi. I'm concerned that fighting an screaming at a neighbouring Public Housing which mostly has drug addicts and prostitutes may have adverse effects on children at our apartment complex who will doubt… read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
My wife got a WE-VIBE, used for couples to use while
my wife got a WE-VIBE, vibrator used for couples to use while intercourse..I saw a cord in her drawer, so I looked. She never told me she got it. she said she won a raffle at a lingerie store, and did… read more
Dr Rossi
Dr Rossi
Doctoral Degree
1,564 satisfied customers
Ii stopped lexapro nearly 3 months ago and 1 month ago
ii stopped lexapro nearly 3 months ago and 1 month ago started feeling anxious badly so I started back on lexapro for 5 days and scared of libido and i went on Zoloft,it's been 2 weeks I started from 25 mg to 50 then 100 but still too much anxiety. … read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
My 15 year old son has been diagnosed with Asperger's,
My 15 year old son has been diagnosed with Asperger's, diagnosed at 5 years old, has treated with therapy and diet and medications. Currently his major issue is anxiety, mainly around social situation… read more
Dr. Kaushik
Dr. Kaushik
PSYCHIATRIST ( MD Psychiatry)
Doctoral Degree
203 satisfied customers
I don't always feel like a real person. I have
Hi, I don't always feel like a real person. JA: How is your mood? Are you experiencing regular sleep disturbances (e.g. trouble falling asleep, waking up early)? Customer: No JA: Anything else in your… read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
What would you recommend to someone with a bad anxiety
Hi, what would you recommend to someone with a bad anxiety disorder, 25 years old, 134 lbs, who keeps worrying about fainting if he doens't... eat yet another meal? Driving and walking has become hard… read more
Nancy
Nancy
Psychotherapist
MS, PhD can.
492 satisfied customers
How can I develop the necessary discipline to focus on
How can I develop the necessary discipline to focus on important things and ignore temptations that waste my time?I am self employed, working in the software business. I have multiple projects to fini… read more
Linda D.
Linda D.
Master\u0027s Degree
721 satisfied customers
My 14 year old son (9th grade)has been caught smoking pot on
My 14 year old son (9th grade)has been caught smoking pot on two separate occasions. We took him to a therapist who said that smoking pot should be a non-negotiable requirement in out home. When we to… read more
Dr. Olsen
Dr. Olsen
Psychologist
Doctoral Degree
2,336 satisfied customers
Waking up early, i have a question regarding increase hear
waking up early, i have a question regarding increase hear bits … read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
I need to tAKE MY ZANAX BUT TOOK AN ALLEVE BEFORE HOW DO I
I need to tAKE MY ZANAX BUT TOOK AN ALLEVE BEFORE HOW LONG DO I HAVE TO WAIT … read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
Im currently on disability right now. My ssdi was approved
Im currently on disability right now. My ssdi was approved about 1 year ago after i wasnt able to return to the fire department. The problem is that i dont want to go back to work. But my doctor keeps… read more
JohnMichaels,MS,LPC
JohnMichaels,MS,LPC
Counselor
Master\u0027s Degree
166 satisfied customers
I was wondering if there's like a resort with a mental
Hi! I was wondering if there's like a resort with a mental health care system where everything you regarding mental health is taken care off. For example get tested for any mental disorders, talk with… read more
TherapistMarryAnn
TherapistMarryAnn
Therapist
Master's Degree
3,984 satisfied customers
I don't know if this will be possible to handle online, but
I don't know if this will be possible to handle online, but I really need help with my behavioral health, before I destroy my relationship. … read more
Linda D.
Linda D.
Master\u0027s Degree
721 satisfied customers
Im feeling extremely depress i cry all the time dont want to
Hi Im feeling extremely depress i cry all the time dont want to be in the company of poeple just want to be alone .I have suicidal thoughts all the time and not eating its getting worse every day dont… read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
I am looking for a doctor near my home that has experience
I am looking for a doctor near my home that has experience with patients in need of Ritalin. I have been on it in the past and feel I need to get back on it. … read more
TherapistJen
TherapistJen
Licensed Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
950 satisfied customers
We found out today that my wife has breast cancer. How do I
We found out today that my wife has breast cancer. How do I learn what are the most important things for me to do to support her. … read more
JohnMichaels,MS,LPC
JohnMichaels,MS,LPC
Counselor
Master\u0027s Degree
166 satisfied customers
Need details on how to titrate off (if need be) from Viibryd
Need details on how to titrate off (if need be) from Viibryd and then start Effexor. … read more
Dr. Kaushik
Dr. Kaushik
PSYCHIATRIST ( MD Psychiatry)
Doctoral Degree
203 satisfied customers
My husband and I are in our mid 50's and recently bought a
My husband and I are in our mid 50's and recently bought a RV and will be roaming the US for the next year. I see a psychiatrist every 3 months for treatment for pain & depression (cymbalta) and ambie… read more
LeahMSWuofm
LeahMSWuofm
Clinical Social Worker
Master\u0027s Degree
717 satisfied customers
Disclaimer: Information in questions, answers, and other posts on this site ("Posts") comes from individual users, not JustAnswer; JustAnswer is not responsible for Posts. Posts are for general information, are not intended to substitute for informed professional advice (medical, legal, veterinary, financial, etc.), or to establish a professional-client relationship. The site and services are provided "as is" with no warranty or representations by JustAnswer regarding the qualifications of Experts. To see what credentials have been verified by a third-party service, please click on the "Verified" symbol in some Experts' profiles. JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals.

Disclaimer: Information in questions, answers, and other posts on this site ("Posts") comes from individual users, not JustAnswer; JustAnswer is not responsible for Posts. Posts are for general information, are not intended to substitute for informed professional advice (medical, legal, veterinary, financial, etc.), or to establish a professional-client relationship. The site and services are provided "as is" with no warranty or representations by JustAnswer regarding the qualifications of Experts. To see what credentials have been verified by a third-party service, please click on the "Verified" symbol in some Experts' profiles. JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals.

Show MoreShow Less

Ask Your Question

x