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Cat Man
Cat Man, Cat Engine Expert
Category: Medium and Heavy Trucks
Satisfied Customers: 8854
Experience:  I am ASE Master Truck Certified.
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Mr. Cat Man, I have an MBN engine that is having cranking

Customer Question

Mr. Cat Man, I have an MBN engine that is having cranking issues. But the issue happens randomly. I call me self checking all the check valves, replaced injector orings and both speed sensor. Do you know of anything else I could check?
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Medium and Heavy Trucks
Expert:  Cat Man replied 1 year ago.

Thanks for asking your question. I will try and help you out.

When you say cranking issues. Do you mean the engine will not even spin over? Or are you saying it spins over but does not start?

Customer: replied 1 year ago.

It spins over but does not start.

Expert:  Cat Man replied 1 year ago.

Thanks for the information. I thought so but just wanted to be sure. The first thing I would want to check is to see if the yellow check engine light is coming on. If it was not. I would suspect a loss of ECM power or faulty ECM.

If it was. I would suspect one of the following.

The first is a low or no fuel pressure condition. The engine needs at least 35 psi to start. If it is low, the injectors will not get filled and it will not start. If the engine has a hand priming pump, and it gets stiff when operating it, the engine has enough pressure to start. If there is no hand priming pump, I would connect a psi gauge and measure the pressure. If the pressure is low, I would change the fuel filters first if you haven’t already. If it is still low, I would suspect a failed fuel pressure regulator in the secondary fuel filter housing, a weak fuel transfer pump, or restricted fuel inlet line. The pump is located on the front of the engine.

Second is a failed engine speed timing sensor. Some engine have one, some have two. It depends on your engine serial number. If the engine speed timing sensor has failed, the ECM gets an RPM/TDC signal and will not send AC to the injectors.

Next is low battery voltage to the ECM while cranking. The ECM must have at least 7.5 volts DC to operate. I have seen weak batteries or a poor connection cause low voltage. You could have a poor connection at the batteries or starter.

Next is a faulty engine ECM. The ECM has an injector driver module inside. This is what powers the injectors. If it fails, the ECM will log injector codes for all the injectors.

Lastly are worn injectors. Over time the injectors can wear if they have a lot of hours on them. To verify, I like to check AC to the injectors while cranking. You should have between 20-40 AC while cranking. If you do, and you have good fuel pressure, the injectors are worn. If you do not have 20-40 AC while cranking, you have either a failed engine speed timing signal, low power to the ECM while cranking, ot a failed ECM.

Most often when these things are happening there will be diagnostic codes in the ECM. If your engine has cruise control switches, you can pull the codes. If you have never done this, let me know. I can get you the procedure.

Please reply back if you need more help or have more questions. I am happy to assist.

Expert:  Cat Man replied 1 year ago.

Hey. I just wanted to see how things were going. Please let me know if you need more help. I am happy to assist. If my information was helpful, please leave a good or higher rating so that I receive credit. Thanks.

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