How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask Dr. Muneeb Ali Your Own Question
Dr. Muneeb Ali
Dr. Muneeb Ali, Doctor
Category: Medical
Satisfied Customers: 16598
Experience:  MBBS, MD, MCCM. Currently working in Critical Care Medicine with 10 year experience in Medicine
22950887
Type Your Medical Question Here...
Dr. Muneeb Ali is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

I am trying to figure out how to treat the medical condition

This answer was rated:

Hello,
I am trying to figure out how to treat the medical condition as described in the attached file (symptoms, causes and pain control).
We were also considering using medical Cannabis; is this going to be effective? What is the right dose and what is the best forms of use?
Thank you,

Hi,

Welcome to JA and thanks for this question. Unfortunately your file did not come through, can you try attaching it again?

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
Can you see the file now?

Yes i just got it let me evaluate it and ill get back to you in a few minutes.

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
OK, thank you. Pay attention that there are two pages in the same pdf file.

Yes i saw the two pages and have read through them, i assume you are asking your current question regarding the fluid in the chest and the chest pain for which the CT was done in the first place?

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
though I would like to have your overall impression too.
Customer: replied 9 months ago.
After the CT they found fluid and cancer.

Regarding your CT chest, there are a few findings in the report. One is cardiomegaly which means that the heart has increased in size, this usually occurs due to the heart dilating over a period of time, this can develop in many patients who undergo chemotherapy as a result of the chemotherapy drugs or it can be unrelated to the bile duct cancer that the patient had in the past and is instead related to blockage of the arteries of the heart. This would be better understood by doing an echocardiogram or ultrasound of the heart so we can determine the exact cause.

The second finding is that the patient also had small nodules in the lung and the pleura, the pleura is a thin covering of the lungs. These nodules have been present for some time and this scan states that they have not changed their size or appearance since the past scan. Nodules which do not change their size do NOT require any treatment and they are less likely to cause any sort of chest pain either (There is an exception to this rule which ill mention at the end). These nodules are usually benign in nature and they could have been present for some time, most patients who are above the age of 60 will have one or two nodules due to exposure to the pollutants in our air or even due to genetic causes. However in this particular case, these nodules MUST be evaluated further a biopsy of one of the nodules should be done if not done already to make sure that they are TRULY benign in nature or not, the reason being that the past history of cancer does increase the chances of these nodules being malignant. Yes, most nodules are benign but with the past history of cancer, a biopsy would be recommended here especially the pleural nodules which have a higher chance of being malignant.

The third finding in the scan shows that there is a small amount of fluid which is present inside the pleural cavity, pleural effusion. The fluid in the pleural space can be due to various causes and in most patients, it is actually due to an infection or inflammation of the pleura. If this is the case then it would be treated well with antibiotics and steroids. ANother cause of this could be due to a problem in the organs underneath the lungs. The good news here is that the fluid has not increased in size since the last scan which means that the condition is not worsening. But the fluid should be removed and analyzed for the chances of it being due to any potential cancer.

Now usually steroids and antibiotics would help the pain which could be due to the effusion, however, if necessary the fluid can also be drained from the area with a needle guided via ultrasound. In addition, we can also treat this problem with a nerve block in the region which would provide pain relief as well.

Now regarding the cannabis, there are many options in that regard, YES it would work in managing pain associated with effusion or even pain associated nodules (which usually don't cause pain but even in those rare cases where pain does occur, it can be used). There are many types of cannabis however the best forms of use are either inhaled version of the cannabis or a tablet. Now basically the doses for the medical marijuana vary from patient to patient, the rule of thumb is to start with the lowest possible dose and gradually increase it until the best effect is achieved. Each patient responds slightly different doses. In most patients, the starting dose may be between 2.5-6 mg of medical marijuana (in oral form) per day and then that dose would be slowly increased. But to answer your question oral forms like oils, consumables along with vaporized marijuana are the most effective.

Lastly, I just got your last message, are you saying that they did a biopsy of the nodules and they were found to be cancerous?

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
last year they did a biopsy of the nodules and they were found maligned and cancerous. This was the reason they started the chemotherapy treatment which she went through already twice. Currently, she is still with Cancer and she prefers not to continue with the treatment. The major question is what is the best way to manage the pain?

This would be managed with a combination of medications,

Opiates including morphine and fentanyl patches would be necessary

Nerve blocks would be necessary to block the pain from the nodules, this can be done with specialized injections into the spinal region

Installation of a pain pump in some cases

Medical marijuana would be indicated in her case in the forms which I mentioned above

There would be no one specific pain relieving method in her case because in situations like hers, where there is advanced cancer, one form of therapy would usually not work and we would need to use a combination of the above methods. As to which ones of the above would work the best that would have to be determined for her individually, but I have found that opiates along with medical marijuana as well as nerve blocks work well in cases like hers.

Dr. Muneeb Ali and 8 other Medical Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 9 months ago.
OK, noticed. Thank you very much for your time.

You are more than welcome, best of luck

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
Could you tell me if CBD oil is similar or a replacement of medical marijuana? Is this form recommended for her or she might do better with the prescribed marijuana? I am also trying to figure out if there is a form of medical marijuana that can be paid through Medicaid or Medicare?

It's slightly different than medical marijuana, it does not contain THC which is the strongest component of marijuana. Basically, marijuana contains THC and CBD, the CBD portion does not have the "high" that marijuana usually causes but it is also the component which is not commonly used for cancer-related pain as it is not as strong. BUT it can be used in your case until proper medical marijuana can be started, it is found commonly online and you don't even need a medical marijuana card for it. It is something which you can try for now but it is not the ideal choice for treating cancer related pain.

Customer: replied 9 months ago.
Is there form of medical marijuana that can be paid through Medicare?

Medical marijuana itself is not coverred by Medicare, there are some actual drugs derived from marijuana which are covered however the types you would need for pain control are usually not covered.