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Hello,Welcome to Justanswer.com. I am an Emergency physician with over 25 years miultidisciplinary experience. I am going to be your expert in this question. However, I would like a few more informationDid she have direct contacts with the dog?
She is definitely exposed and would be considered a first class risk.
The spirochete that causes leptospirosis is transmitted through exposure of mucous membranes or abraded skin to the body fluid of an infected animal or by exposure to any surface contaminated with the urine of an animal.
It has also been widely noted that the exposure to professionals probably accounts for 30-50% of human cases of leptospirosis and the main groups at affected include farm workers and veterinarians.
Leptospirosis occurring during pregnancy is very dangerous as it leads to spontaneous abortion especially in the first 2 trimesters.
Screening is available in most laboratories especially those in teaching / tertiary facilities. The most utilized test are
Leptospira IgM ELISA or IgM/IgG enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA),
Also Rapid tests kits usable in the field for these are available
Real-time DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of blood can also be done as screen
I will advise her to get in touch with her Ob-gyn and arrange for any of these screening methods
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