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In medical terms this condition is called as Fecal incontinence.
Possible causes for this condition are-
1. Damage to the rings of muscle at the end of the rectum , it helps to hold stool. It can cause loss of control on bowels.
2. Nerve damage
3. Infection like giardiasis may also cause anal leakage
4. Loss of elasticity of rectum due to chronic inflammation crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, aging.
To make a diagnose, you need to get these tests done-
Anorectal ultrasonography, Digital rectal exam, Complete blood count, Stool test.
Straining during bowel movements eventually may weaken anal sphincter muscles and, at times, lead to fecal incontinence, so avoid straining when possible.
You should try to deduce constipation. If this is the cause of your leakage, you need to up your fluid intake, fiber and exercise on a regular basis.
One should try to increase the tone of sphinter muscles by squeezing buttocks and pinching the anus- this will help strengthen the sphincter. These are called kegel exercises.
A thorough clinical examination and tests should be done for precise diagnosis.
I would recommend that you visit your primary doctor for evaluation and get it managed.
Hope this helped
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