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Do you happen to know which version of OS X is installed on your Mac?
You may be able to get this from the screen you see.
Click the Apple logo in the menu bar at the top left of the screen
Select "About This Mac"
In the window that opens, look for the "Version" information. Please let me know what it says.
On the “OS X Utilities” screen;
Choose Disk Utility from the available options.
In Disk Utility, select your normal, bootable hard drive volume from the list in the sidebar (usually "Macintosh HD").
Then, Click "Repair Disk"
If it finds errors, repeat the process until it reports the drive is OK.
Next, click "Repair Disk Permissions"
Once the process has completed, choose “Disk Utility” > “Quit Disk Utility” in the menu bar at the top of the display.
Then, restart your Mac and it should boot back into your normal Desktop.
Ok, to verify, you did choose Macintosh HD and it allowed you to repair disk?
had anything changed the last time you used the MBP? Such as a software update?
the fact that "Repair Disk Permissions" is not enabled for you indicates that the version of OS X installed on Macintosh HD is damaged and not recognized as a bootable device (which is why you're being forced into the recovery mode).
If you encountered no errors when using the "Repair Disk" function you can possibly re-install Lion from the Recovery volume.
choose Disk Utility > Quit Disk Utility in the menu bar at the top of the display.
If you’re not connected to the Internet, choose a network from the Wi-Fi menu in the right corner of the menu bar (in the top-right corner of the screen).
Select Reinstall Mac OS X, click Continue, and then follow the instructions.
Ok, please let me know what error or message it gives this time.
Thanks and good luck!