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Hello. My name is Wendy and I am an attorney. The short answer is no. Once a case is removed to federal court, the state court no longer has jurisdiction unless and until the federal court remands the case to the state (if that happens). It may be worth appearing on Monday to ensure the case is, at a minimum, continued due to the removal. But removal should remove jurisdiction from the state court.
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It may be worth sending a letter to the court first thing tomorrow (via fax or email if the court clerk's office has that capability) stating that you filed to remove the case and are respectfully informing the court that you understand the hearing set for Monday should not go forward while the case is now pending in the federal court.
If the court was to go forward and enter a default, you would then want to file a quick motion to set aside the default and to stay the case while the issue of removal is determined by the federal court. That shouldn't be necessary, but stranger things have happened in my experience.
You should not be in trouble, especially since the second attempted removal came only after a change by the other side. Obviously, I can't say what a particular judge will or won't do, but it sounds like you have acted reasonably.
Yes, as long as the paperwork for removal is completed and filed, it is sent to the federal court and will remain there unless remanded back to state court. The letter just provides you some cover as it shows you respect the state court but believe the removal will require the hearing not to go forward (and you are not just ignoring the hearing date).
I am just glad I could help. I obviously can't guarantee, ever, what a court will or won't do but I think you have a good understanding of the process and are proceeding appropriately.