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A minor, which is someone under 18 years of age, cannot enter into a contract for anything other than the "essentials of life" such as food, medical care, etc. Any contract that they do enter into is void. However, that doesn't necessarily mean that your mother can get her money back because while the contract with the minor would fail it is likely the seller will claim that his name was listed on the documents as purchaser because both he and your mother requested that be done. Therefore while the contract with the minor would fail, an oral contract with your mother would still exist.
A court could decide this case in favor of your mother or in favor of the seller. So it certainly is not predetermined either way. But to have the contract declared void you would have to file a lawsuit to have the contract with your son declared void and then the dealer would file a cross-claim against your mother (claiming oral contract) and, potentially, against you under what are known as "equitable theories" meaning that in fairness someone should be responsible for the car since it was purchased by your son or your mother.
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