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While you are not responsible for the debt, it is possible that you feel the affects of having to pay that debt. Whether you are liable for debts of your spouse depends on what kind of property exists and is available to satisfy a debt. Community property is liable and therefore available to pay a debt either spouse incurs before marriage and during marriage, regardless which spouse controls that property. Community property is all property, real or personal, wherever situated, acquired by a married person during the marriage while domiciled in California.
In order to be mostly protected you need to keep your separate property separate. If you commingle it with the other party's separate property, or with the community, a creditor cannot be expected to know what is yours verses what is both of yours.
Sorry about that...to keep your property separate, you need to do things like making sure that your property is only in your name and you don't add him to it. Additionally, any money that you have should be kept in a separate account in your name only and not his.