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While illegal and subject to federal and/or state criminal penalties perjury is rarely pursued by judges or prosecutors. People perjure themselves if they make a false or misleading statement under oath, or sign a document that they know to contain false or misleading statements. I have to believe it is in part because the difficulty of proving a knowing deception and partially because the prosecutor just doesn't have time or resources to investigate and pursue these matters.
In any event, the way to pursue perjury is through the prosecutor against the the perjuring person. To do this you not only need evidence that the statement is false, you also need evidence that the other party knew the statement was false and said it intentionally. You must find evidence that the party making the statement knew it was false, and that she intended to mislead others by saying it. The statement also must concern a key fact. If someone has lied about something that turns out to be inconsequential to the matter at hand, she is unlikely to be found guilty of perjury. Generally, the statement must have been made to protect the defendant or to alter the outcome of the case in the person's favor. Keep in mind that it is extremely difficult to prove that someone intentionally attempted to mislead the judge or jury by lying under oath. Proving intent makes perjury so difficult to prove. If someone is willing to lie under oath, they probably also are willing to lie to defend themselves against felony charges.
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