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This depends a lot on the situation. Can you please provide some background? Is this part of a court case? For what - custody? Or what exactly is the background situation?
Thank you. Courts can order a DNA or another such test, but this is typically only done in cases of paternity or probate (when there is a disagreement over biological relation).
Most labs are private. The Court will direct the parties to go to a reputable lab and have the lab do the test and send back sealed results to the Court.
There is no central lab database.
A party is free to of course visit a lab and do a test and get results back directly to them at any time. There are many businesses that do just that, and offer lab services for blood, sugar test, DNA tests, etc.
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With all due respect, there is no corporate system for lab results or physicians. They do not share information with each other, and cannot share it with anyone but you under HIPAA law (with very few exceptions), which guarantees privacy for patients. If this information is shared with a third party outside the law, these labs or doctors' offices can face massive sanctions by the US Dept of Health and Human Services and state agencies, and, lawsuits by the patients.
If you feel you are being watched or followed or there is a conspiracy against you, okay. That is fine. You can go to a small "no name" laboratory to get something tested. Perhaps going to a smaller lab as opposed to the big names such as "Any Lab Now" or "Quest" may make you feel more in control of the situation.
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