Thank you for your patience;
for now, HIPAA violations are to be enforced by public authorities as there is no private cause of action under that Act. One can file a complaint here and that can result in fines of up to $50,000 per violation, and up to 1 year in jail.
The state has also labeled this a petty offense so one can be prosecuted under state law; please see here
One can file a private civil suit based on a tort cause of action. Such examples include negligence, violation of the physician/patient confidential relation giving rise to breach of fiduciary duty, and invasion of privacy (intrusion). Any of these require actual damages, so a change in custody or a denial of custody would help support that. The court can order punitive damages if they find that the person acted with bad faith/ill will.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.