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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today. I'm sorry to hear that this happened.
Was your business a corporation or LLC? Did you personally guarantee the lease? Did you ever receive notice that you were being sued?
An oral promise to guarantee someone else's debt is not legally enforceable. You would have to have signed something, because an LLC is not a legal person.
When someone files a lawsuit, they're supposed to serve the other party with a Summon and a Complaint, telling them why they're being sued and how much time they have to respond. Did you get anything like that?
Ok. Then it sounds like he skipped a step (possibly more).
First, call the courthouse to find out if he actually named you or the LLC in a lawsuits. If he did, see if they'll send you copies of the paperwork or if you have to go in and pick it up. That's the starting point. Assuming there IS a judgment, then you can file a Motion to Vacate judgment, based on the fact that (1) he never notified you of the suit when it was filed, which he's legally required to do and (2) an LLC owner is not legally responsible for debts of the LLC. He cannot make you pay if he didn't have you sign a personal guarantee. The judgment against you is invalid.
If the case is only against the LLC and the judgment is only against them, that's a little different. If that's what you find after calling, let me know.
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If you didn't sign anything, you can still file a Motion to Vacate - in that case, because they got the judgment via fraud. You can also file a Motion to Quash Subpoena. You have no obligation whatsoever to turn over your personal records to pay your LLC's debts.
It might help to have a local attorney help you, because you could wind up with a couple of court appearances. A good place to find someone is www.martindale.com. But you shouldn't have to pay anything, based on what you've said, unless the LLC has assets that can be sold.
Do you have any other questions about this?