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If the personal belongings were worth $500.00 or less, the crime is a misdemeanor in Georgia, under § 16-8-12.
If the personal belongings were worth more than $500.00, then this would be a felony under § 17-10-5.
It is not an additional crime for the perpetrator to threaten the victim with a civil lawsuit. However, it is a crime to threaten the victim with violence for filing the complaint.
Normally, either the pawn shop or the owner would file the complaint. Pawn shops normally file a complaint if they receive stolen goods because they are out of money when that happens since the stolen items have to be returned. But really, it does not matter who files it - owner or pawn shop - the police would investigate.
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