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Yes, it is possible for a court to order an individual held against their will due to an inability to care for themselves, or because they pose a danger to themselves or others.
The individual being held has a right to an attorney, and a right to a jury trial (for holds longer than the emergency hold/evaluation period - so if a court is going to place a person on a 1 year hold, the individual has a right to a trial).
These statutes also allow an "emergency hold" (usually 72 hours) for a physician to place an individual under a mental health hold for the same reasons.
Each state has their own particular statute - so you will see different references (for example: CA has the Lanterman Petris Short Act (5150, 5250, and 5350 holds), while other states have the "Baker Act" - and still other states use their own particular statute), but each is a variation of the principle I described above.