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The best (ideal) thing for your son would be to go out and retain a criminal defense attorney for him privately. Find one that specializes in federal court work (as opposed to state court/county court - there is a difference and while you may find a lawyer that (honestly) says they are licensed in both, you want an attorney that specializes in federal criminal defense.
Short of that, your son needs a criminal defender - contact your local "Federal Defender's Office" (the public defender for federal defendants). Advise them that your son is facing federal charges now and that he is as of now unrepresented and needs assistance. Understand that there are very significant reasons why an attorney cannot speak with you or his mother regarding his case (attorney/client confidentiality is broken when you start talking to third parties, unless you can demonstrate that there is a critical reason (emotional/moral support is not a good reason) for the third party to be involved in the conversation, you can lose that confidentiality which can lead to a break in the evidentiary "attorney/client privilege")
But your son is still entitled to be represented by an attorney.
His prior public defender should not be working actively on his case in the prosecutor's office. This is a "conflict of interest" and it could result in his entire case being dismissed. (Please do not get overly optimistic about this potential result, just know that this is a significant issue, and his attorney will be able to handle this appropriately in pre-trial proceedings/motions).
You can find local attorneys using the State and local Bar Association directories, or private directories such as www.AVVO.com; www.FindLaw.com; or www.Martindale.com (I personally find www.AVVO.com to be the most user friendly).