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Did you have any questions other than "is that legal"?
It depends on why the county felt they had jurisdiction over the matter. The jurisdiction could be because that is where the person accepted the check, that is where the property was located, that is where the bank rejected the check, or several other grounds.
If there are no grounds (jurisdiction) then you would potentially have a civil rights suit against the county.
There isn't a viable case that I can see against the man unless he knew that you didn't issue the check and that it was stolen and, even then, all he did was file the police report. Ultimately the decision on whether or not to prosecute is up to the DA.
The law has regularly held that if a person takes a two party check then they become the holder in due course. It's how the payroll check cashing places, etc. are able to prosecute.
It doesn't matter whether he's a check cashing business or not, my point was it's the same principle.
You're confusing the ability of a DA to prosecute with being able to get a conviction. The DA moves forward based on whatever set of facts they choose to move forward on. It can be a complete investigation or just a partial investigation and normally it is just a partial investigation, as it was here.
If you defend the case then the DA shouldn't be able to get a conviction but that doesn't mean it wasn't legal for them to try and pursue charges. To pursue charges all they need is "probable cause" which is generally regarded as a fair probability that a criminal offense occurred.
You should be able to beat the charge when you show the judge or jury that the check was stolen and that you filed a complaint with the bank about that.