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HIPAA is a law that prohibits licensed medical care providers from disclosing personal or confidential patient information to a third party without the consent of the patient. So the police can't violate HIPAA as they aren't licensed medical care providers. Further, even if they were, they aren't relating any confidential patient information to a third party by following the producer to deliver a product to a customer.
So to answer your question directly, no, it is not a violation of HIPAA for the police to follow a producer..
While a licensed medical cannabis producer might be considered a "licensed health care provider", it is unlikely that the Dept of Health and Human Services would consider this a violation if the police followed the person in the course of engaging in their legal business of delivering medical supplies. If that were the case, then a pharmacist would be in violation if they handed a customer a medication where it could be seen by others and this happens thousands of times a day...
So no I don't see this as a violation by either the police or the producer. If the customer didn't want the producer to deliver their products, then they could have arranged to pick them up or meet them somewhere.
But if the customer is a legal buyer here, then there is nothing illegal that is going on so as to arouse any police interest.
Well, that is true... but as cannabis becomes legal in more and more states, their interest should wane as they will be left chasing their tails trying to find a criminal violation..